Episode 13: Flying into Cairns, close call with Barry Dawson and remote flying

When planning any outback flying route, always start with the big picture. You might ask yourself:

  • How far can I get in the time available?
  • What's my budget?
  • What's my time frame?
  • Am I confident to transit any controlled airspace en route?

Once you've figured out where you're going, here are some more aspects to consider.

  • Weather: have you received weather forecasts relevant to your route and TAF (if available)? Have you analysed the weather's impact on your flight?
  • Fuel availability: have you double-checked that adequate fuel is available at your proposed fuel stops? Are you carrying adequate fuel based on the weather, route and terminal conditions?
  • Terrain: are you happy with the height of the en route terrain (low cloud base)? Have you considered 'tiger country' (possible engine trouble)?
  • Length of each leg: are you and your passengers going to be comfortable in the aircraft for that long?
  • Scenic value: are you giving your passengers the most scenic route possible without adding on unreasonable mileage to your route?
  • Hemispherical flying: below 3,000 ft you should try to adhere to correct levels. For example for VFR flying 000-180 degrees, fly 'odds plus 500 ft'; 181-360 degrees 'evens plus 500 ft'.
  • Accommodation: make sure you book accommodation early to avoid disappointment. Also arrange transfers to and from the airstrip.
  • Food supplies: have you taken enough food and water per person to cater for any delays? Or worse, any outlanding where you need to consider survival rations? See ERSA EMERG 4.
  • A good tip to remember: to call a cab anywhere in Australia dial 131 008.

If you're searching for great places to fly to there are some fantastic publications and websites to inspire you.

Always consult the ERSA first. Updated by Airservices every 3 months, it's your go-to publication containing procedural information vital to your planning. It also includes emergency procedures and in-depth pre-flight briefing information.

If you're looking for destinations not listed in the ERSA, grab a copy of Pilots Touring Guide.

There are also plenty of general aviation magazines with ideas on destinations and suggested safari routes. Many of these are from around the country with first-hand accounts from pilots of their experiences.

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Flight planning

Ordering maps

Use your flight planning software or draw your route on your Planning Chart Australia (PCA).

This will show you what World Aeronautical Charts (WACs) you'll need. The coverage of each WAC has a black border outline and labelled in the centre with a black WAC number.

Be mindful of the possibility of your route needing to change due weather or other circumstance. This will lead you onto an adjoining WAC you may not have originally thought you'd need.

The PCA also shows you which Areas, graphical area forecast (GAF) and ground proximity warning system (GWPS) charts your route covers.

You'll need enroute low charts for your radio and navaid frequencies, the location of controlled airspace and prohibited, restricted and danger areas (PRD) areas.

And of course, never leave home without your ERSA.

If you are taking paper charts, check the validity of all of them. Make sure you order all your required maps well ahead. These are available from Airservices Publications.

You may not always have internet reception in the outback. You may find it easier to phone through your flight plan.

If you feel you're not up to speed with phoning through your flight plan, grab your instructor for a refresher.

Published date: 18 October 2022
Online version available at: https://www.casa.gov.au//resources-and-education/education-and-training/out-n-back/episode-13-flying-cairns-close-call-barry-dawson-and-remote-flying
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