Taxiing aeroplanes - authorisations
Learn about the new rules for taxiing aeroplanes - in effect since 1 September 2014. The full rules are contained in Parts 61 and 64 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations.
Who does this information apply to?
- Licensed aircraft maintenance engineers.
- Aircraft maintenance organisations.
- Flying training schools.
- Aircraft operators.
- Anyone else who needs to taxi an aeroplane.
Do I need an authorisation to taxi an aeroplane?
Yes. Regulations 228A and 229 of the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 (CAR) require a person to be qualified to taxi an aircraft. Parts 61 and 64 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR) include provisions for authorising people to taxi aircraft.
Have the rules changed for taxi authorisations?
Yes. Since 1 September 2014, there has been a new Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR) Part 64 - Authorisations for non-licensed personnel - that specifies requirements for a Certificate of Competency to Taxi an Aeroplane. The new certificate replaces the CAR 229 CASA-issued Certificate of Approval to Taxi an Aircraft.
Who can taxi an aeroplane?
- Student pilots can taxi an aeroplane if they are authorised to do so by a flight instructor.
- Pilot licence holders with an appropriate aircraft rating can taxi an aeroplane.
- A person who meets the requirements listed below. This can include aircraft maintenance engineers who need to taxi aeroplanes in the course of conducting their work, as well as aircraft owners.
What requirements do I need to meet to taxi an aeroplane under Part 64?
(Please note the following doesn’t apply to student pilots and pilot licence holders who hold the appropriate aircraft rating).
To be authorised to taxi an aeroplane you must:
- be at least 17 years old
- hold a Part 64 certificate of competency which covers the aeroplane you wish to taxi and was issued within the last five years
- have been trained on the layout and operating procedures of the aerodrome by the operator of the aerodrome, the operator of the aeroplane or another appropriate person who has knowledge of the aerodrome
- have permission to taxi the aeroplane from the owner or operator, or the operator’s continuing airworthiness management organisation.
While you are in training you can only taxi an aeroplane when you are under the direct supervision of an authorised person.
If you want to taxi an aeroplane at a controlled, certified, registered, military or designated non-controlled aerodrome, you also need to hold an aeronautical radio operator certificate.
Who can grant a Part 64 certificate of competency?
A certificate of competency to taxi an aeroplane can be granted by:
- a flight examiner
- a pilot instructor authorised for the aeroplane class or type rating sought
- a person approved by CASA (for example, maintenance organisations)
To be issued a certificate of competency you must receive the necessary training to the standard specified in the Part 61 Manual of Standards.
Once you have been deemed competent, your flight examiner, pilot instructor or person authorised by CASA will complete your certificate of competency and issue it to you.
How will I be assessed?
To gain a certificate of competency to taxi an aeroplane you must be assessed as competent against the standards specified in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the relevant class or type of aeroplane.
What will my certificate include?
Your certificate of competency will state the class or type rating for the aeroplane you are authorised to taxi.
Your certificate will also include an issue date and must be signed by the person who granted the certificate.
If requested, you must present your certificate of competency to CASA for inspection.
How often do I need to be assessed?
Part 64 introduces competency checks for people who are authorised to taxi aeroplanes.
Competency checks are required every five years. So if you want to continue taxiing a class-rated or type-rated aeroplane, you need to have a current taxi certificate for that aeroplane class or type rating.
I hold a CAR 229 approval. Do I need to get a Part 64 certificate?
CAR 229 approvals to taxi an aeroplane remained valid after 1 September 2014 unless they expired beforehand or were cancelled.
If your certificate was issued before 1 September 2009 you need to obtain a new certificate to taxi aeroplanes.
CAR 229 certificates - like Part 64 certificates - can only be used for five years from when they were issued. So if your certificate was issued after 1 September 2009 you need to get a new certificate.
Want to know more?
Visit Licensing regulations.
The new rules for taxiing aircraft are contained in the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 and Part 61 and Part 64 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998:
- Regulations 228A and 229 of CAR - must not taxi aircraft unless authorised
- Regulation 61.116 - student pilots authorised to taxi aircraft
- Regulation 61.430 - holder of pilot licences authorised to taxi aircraft
- Regulation 64.045 - people who can taxi aeroplanes (general)
- Regulation 64.050 - people who can taxi aeroplanes (undergoing training or assessment)
- Regulation 64.055 - grant of certificate of competency to taxi aeroplanes of a class or covered by a type rating
- Regulation 64.060 - production of certificate of competency.