Project OS 11/52 - Amend CAO 40.3.0 Appendix 2 - Requirement for Awareness Training (AT) to be conducted as part of endorsement
Full project title
Amend CAO 40.3.0 Appendix 2 to include the requirement for Awareness Training (AT) to be conducted as part of the endorsement, as well as providing more explicit wording on the key hazard sequences to be covered.
The proposed amendments to CAO 40.3.0 will be superseded by the enactment of the MOS. Consequently, the recommended amendments to CAO 40.3.0 to include the requirement for Awareness Training (AT) to be conducted as part of the endorsement, have been incorporated into the Manual of Standards (MOS) for Part 61. Comments in regard to the Hazard Awareness Training elements arising from the consultation draft of Part 61 and MOS will be considered as part of the consultation process for the Part 61 MOS.
Following investigations into accidents involving the R22 / R44 and other single engine helicopter types, the ATSB and coronial recommendations have indicated a need to review current endorsement requirements. One major issue arising from these recommendations concerns the apparent lack of hazardous flight regime awareness of pilots when conducting low speed flight at relatively high weights in unfavourable ambient meteorological conditions in such machines.
Noting that these items are already covered generally in the Day VFR syllabus as essential requirements for the issue of a helicopter pilot licence, CASA in light of these recommendations is reviewing the benefits of specific awareness training of the key hazards and necessary competencies required for the pilot to conduct a flight in a light helicopter during situations which can lead to less margin for error in maintaining safe flight profiles. Additionally, the review will also aim to ensure pilots maintain their awareness of the recovery techniques required in situations resulting in excursions from controlled flight when operating in a configuration and environment as described.
The FAA has responded to the issue of failing to recognise the onset of settling with power, low rotor RPM and over pitching in low speed operations in one particular make of helicopter (Robinson R22 and R44) by issuing SFAR No.73 mandating annual awareness training, minimum aeronautical experience and flight review for pilots of R22 and R44 helicopters. However the FAA environment differed significantly to the Australian environment, as the FAA did not require a specific helicopter type rating for the R22 and R44 and prior to the introduction of SFAR 73, qualified pilots may not have been adequately prepared to safely operate the R22 and R44 type helicopters,
Currently CAO 40.3.0 (Aircraft Endorsements - Helicopters) does not specifically prescribe training requirements in relation to pilot awareness, where the helicopter may be being operated at the limits of its performance capability.
In view of this CASA's Flight Training and Testing Office (FTTO) and Standards Development conducted a meeting with industry helicopter Chief Flying Instructors (CFIs) and Approved Testing Officers (ATOs) in May 2011. While this meeting did discuss specifically the R22 and R44 and SFAR 73 CASA recommended that a project to amend CAO 40.3.0 be initiated to incorporate awareness training for any light single engine helicopter identified as an at risk type for the relevant key hazards contained in SFAR73.
Amend CAO 40.3.0 to introduce a requirement for the performance of ground training on hazards for light helicopters, which addresses:
- Operational situations and environmental conditions which create or contribute to hazards and,
- Recognition and avoidance of such hazards and,
- Recovery techniques appropriate to the light helicopter type for which the course is given.
It is proposed that such hazard awareness training is to be performed as part of the first light helicopter endorsement and at least every 24 months thereafter and incorporated as part of the pilots flight review.
Part 61 Manual of Standards (MOS)
This project was approved by Peter Boyd, Executive Manager Standards Development & Future Technology Division on 14 December 2011.
Note: CAO 40.3.0 will be repealed following the enactment of Part 61 of the CASR (due in December 2013).
Project Leader: Damien Fing
Project Sponsor: Gerard Campbell , EM CASA Operations,
Standards Development Project Managers: Mike Juelg
Standards Consultative Committee (SCC)
|Consultation updates in 2011|
|Project OS 11/52 - Amend CAO 40.3.0 Appendix 2 - Requirement for Awareness Training (AT) to be conducted as part of endorsement||Project approved.||19 Dec 2011|