Project OS 10/26 - CASR Part 138 - Aerial work operations - Aeroplane and Rotorcraft
CASR Part 138 is a re-establishment of the requirement for a dedicated set of operational regulations for aerial work operations. This project was born out of the consultation processes for the amalgamated CASR Part 133A and 133B project, where CASA and the industry recognised as a result of extensive changes and progress in the use of rotorcraft and aeroplanes in such activities that specific regulations would be required for this sector. The Part will bring together requirements affecting aerial work operations that apply in addition to or in substitution for those required under Part 91 and will also establish the general standards for aerial work for both rotorcraft and aeroplanes, the latter which will be outlined in Part 136. Further, Part 138 will reflect CASA's policy which envisages traditional aerial work operations will be required to be classified, authorised and managed on the basis of the safety risk management of the activity being undertaken.
The Part will bring together requirements affecting aerial work operations that apply in addition to or in substitution for those required under Part 91 and will also establish the general standards for aerial work for both rotorcraft and aeroplanes. Further, Part 138 will reflect CASA's policy which envisages traditional aerial work operations will be required to be classified, authorised and managed on the basis of the safety risk management of the activity being undertaken.
Who Part 138 affects
This Part will affect operators who intend to conduct aerial work in aeroplanes and rotorcraft which involves any or all of the following specialised in-flight purposes:
(i) External Load operations - including but not limited to:
- the towing of objects
- rotorcraft sling load operations
- winching, rappelling, fast roping and suspended extraction operations from rotorcraft
(ii) Dispensing operations - including but not limited to:
- discharge of projectiles
- discharge of objects
- discharge of material from a rotorcraft that is not an aerial application operation
(iii) Task a specialised operations - including but not limited to:
- flights that require the carriage of task specialists
- flights requiring the use of specialised equipment
- flights requiring close proximity operations
- flights requiring confined or non-standard departure or landing sites
- search flights
(iv) Emergency Service Operations - which are duly authorised flights which involve:
- External load operations
- Dispensing operations, and/or
- Task specialised operations for the purposes of saving and protection of life and property or the enforcement of Federal or State Laws.
Emergency Service Operations include but are not limited to:
- Rotorcraft Emergency Medical Service operations
- Rotorcraft Police operations
- Rotorcraft Search and Rescue operations
- Rotorcraft Fire Fighting Support operations
- Training flights for the above operations where compliance with Division T4 is required to realistically and practically conduct the training.
Aerial work operations will be authorised using an aerial work certificate. The issue or non-issue of an aerial work certificaten will be graduated on the basis of the risks associated with each type of activity assessed against criteria outlined in Part 138. This will lead to some operations requiring very robust systems and associated organisations while others, by the nature of their simplicity and low risk status, being able to be conducted without such requirements.
- A modernised aerial work classification and certification basis will be established
- Operators as a fundamental requirement are to have as the basis of the operations a robust and active safety risk management process in place for their operations
- Operators will be required to have an appropriate (to the size and complexity of their operations) training and checking system to conduct the training and checking programs called up by the operating rules, however, these can be contracted out with CASA approval, provided the operator retains responsibility for ensuring that the contracted organisation would carry out the specified duties
- All flight crew, safety critical ground support personnel and task specialist crew members will be required to be trained and checked to an appropriate level for the complexity of the operation
- The introduction of the "task specialist" concept in aerial work operations
- Allowance for the carriage of passengers in certain aerial work operations
- Performance standards to be introduced applicable to the risk associated with the operation
- A significant upgrade of specific aerial work operational regulations based on the measurable risks of the operations.
Following the release of NPRM 1304OS - Regulations of aeroplane and helicopter 'ambulance function' flights as Air Transport operations, the medical Transport sector is now being developed under CASR Part 133. A number of working group meetings have been held in this regard to develop the regulation to drafting stage.
CASR Part 138
Project Leader: Damien Fing
Project Sponsor: Manager, Flight Standards Branch
|Consultation updates in 2015|
|NPRM 1519OS - Aerial work operations||All comments should be submitted via Online response form by close of business 29 Feb 2016.||15 Sept 2015|
|Consultation updates in 2010|
|Project OS 10/26 - CASR Part 138 - Aerial work operations - Rotorcraft||Project approved||8 Dec 2010|