Key moments of Australian aviation safety history
The first flight of a powered aircraft in Australia took place.
The International Convention Relating to Air Navigation (Paris Convention) was signed. The convention entered into force in Australia on 1 June 1922.
The Civil Aviation Branch of the Department of Defence, Australia’s first Commonwealth agency with responsibility for civil aviation, was established.
The Department of Civil Aviation, Australia’s first Commonwealth department dedicated to civil aviation, was established.
The Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention) was signed. The convention entered into force in Australia on 4 April 1947.
The Civil Aviation Authority, Australia’s first statutory authority with responsibility for civil aviation, was established under the Civil Aviation Act 1988.
The Civil Aviation Legislation Amendment Act 1995 and the Air Services Act 1995 replaced the Civil Aviation Authority with two separate organisations: the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) and Airservices Australia.
The Civil Aviation Amendment Bill 1998 was introduced, providing a basis for, among other things, implementation of the Regulatory Framework Reform Program.
CASA announced a suite of reforms, including rewriting of the aviation regulations.
The Civil Aviation Amendment Bill 2003 was introduced to implement, among other things, governance reforms, including the abolition of the CASA Board.
CASA promulgated a new policy placing its greatest safety focus on high-capacity regular public transport flights.
The Airspace Act 2007, Airspace Regulations 2007 and Australian Airspace Policy Statement 2007 were introduced, giving CASA sole carriage of the regulation of all Australian-administered airspace.
Provisions came into effect, under Part 99 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998, requiring air operators to establish drug and alcohol management plans and empowering CASA to test personnel who undertake safety-sensitive aviation activities for alcohol and other drugs.
The Civil Aviation Amendment Act 2009 made significant governance and enforcement-related changes to CASA, including re-establishing the Board (from July 2009). The Transport Safety Investigation Amendment Act 2009 established the Australian Transport Safety Bureau as an independent agency (from July 2009).
June 2011 to June 2014
CASA completed the transition to the new suite of regulations for maintenance for regular public transport operations and engineer licensing (CASR Parts 42, 66,145 and 147). In February 2013, a new suite of regulations for flight crew licensing and training were made (CASR Parts 61, 64, 141 and 142).
The Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997 will be repealed from 1 July 2014 and replaced by the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013. Further consequential and transitional amendments will also apply to the Civil Aviation Act 1988 from that date.
The residents of Canberra pose in front of Sir Charles Kingsford Smith’s plane, the Southern Cross, at Canberra Airport on 15 June 1928. National Library of Australia | nla.pic-an24862264