10 November 2017 - Re-training after five (5) or more fails
There have been some instances, where candidates have failed a subject five or more times. Repeated failures of the same subject, demonstrates a lack of application by the candidate and/or their theory provider to ensure the candidate has the required aeronautical knowledge for that particular subject.
CASR Part 61.225(4) states:
If on 4 occasions a person attempts, but fails to pass, an aeronautical knowledge examination, or a part of an examination, the person is not permitted to attempt the examination or part again until CASA is satisfied that the person has completed appropriate training.
Candidates who fail the same subject, five or more times, are required to provide CASA (firstname.lastname@example.org) with a detailed report, signed by their theory provider, showing:
- What training they have undertaken since their last exam attempt of that subject; and
- How their theory provider addressed each of their knowledge deficiencies in that subject.
Without a detailed report of what re-training has been completed, and CASA considers that re-training appropriate, candidates will not be authorised to re-book that particular subject.
9 November 2017 – Graphical Area Forecasts (GAF)
Coinciding with the 9 November amendments to the AIP and charts, the Bureau of Meteorology will be replacing the old Area Forecasts (ARFORs) with a new forecast referred to as Graphical Area Forecasts (GAFs) and Grid Point Wind and Temperature (GPWTs) Forecasts. These new forecasts have a different presentation of the information, area of coverage and other changes from the old ARFORs.
All pilots should familiarise themselves with the new GAF and GPWT forecast presentation. Information about GAFs may be found on the Bureau of Meteorology website.
The new GAFs and GPWTs will first appear in the pilot theory exams on 9 November 2017 when they will replace the old ARFORs.
12 September 2017 – New CPL(B) Syllabus
With effect 12th September 2017 a new CPL(B) Syllabus of Training Manual – Version 3.2 May 2017 will be used for both the CLWB and COPB exams. KDR comments will also reflect this new version of the syllabus.
The old CPL(B) syllabus of Training – Version 3.1: June 2003 will no longer be used, should you require to refer to it, it may be found on the Old syllabuses page.
30 May 2017 – Exam results Credited – applied to CPL and ATPL exam results
CASA's CPL and ATPL exams comprise 'multi-subject part exams', where all subject-parts need to be passed within one 'window'. These include:
- the seven subject-parts for the awarding of a CPL or an ATPL theory credit, for either aeroplane or helicopter category
- the two subject-parts for the awarding of a CP(B)L theory credit
- a bundle of subject-parts when converting from aeroplane to helicopter category, or vice versa and
- a bundle of subject-parts for pilots converting a foreign licence to an Australian licence.
Candidates viewing their exam results may see some exams with the status of Credited. This term is used when a candidate has passed both that particular subject and all of the required subject-parts within one 'window' to achieve a theory credit, e.g. a Full CP(A)L theory credit or a Full ATP(H)L theory credit. This way, you will know that you have completed the required theory exams within one 'window'.
A candidate who has not passed all of the required subject-parts within a 'window', will see the status of the valid passes remain as Passed whilst it is in their 'window'. If due to the passage of time, it moves out of their 'window', it will change status to Expired and can no longer be used towards gaining their theory credit.
Should you believe that the status of an exam is showing incorrectly, e.g. it shows Expired where you believe it should show as Passed or Credited, then please email Flight Crew Licensing Exams including your ARN with the details of the affected examination(s).
Note: RPL, PPL and rating exams (e.g. IREX) are not affected. The status of these results will remain as Passed or Failed, as appropriate.
26 April 2017 - Human Factors
The CAAP 5.59-1(0) Teaching and Assessing Single-Pilot Human Factors and Threat and Error Management has been cancelled. It has been superseded by AC 61-08 v1.0 - Teaching and assessing non-technical skills for single-pilot operations.
10 April 2017 - Tagging
Following the removal of the Index from the AIP, candidates may now use a maximum of fifteen (15) tags for the AIP Book (or its Jeppesen equivalent). These tags must be written in the English language and not include any notes or markings such as formulae, explanatory notes, cross-referencing with other pages of the same or other publications, sketches, diagrams, paste-on materials and training aide memoires. Each tag should just identify the topic heading of that page or section to which it refers, e.g. Track keeping, Alternate aerodromes or Holding procedures.
13 March 2017 – CPL(B) exam materials
With effect 13th March 2017, the list of permitted materials for both CLWB and COPB exams will change. CAAP 41-1(0) will be removed and AC 131-1 Manned free balloons – airworthiness and operations will be added. Candidates are advised to ensure they have a copy of AC 131-1 for exams conducted from this date. View Advisory circular AC 131-1.
1 January 2017 - Change of category exam requirements
This message applies to candidates who already hold an Australian CPL or ATPL licence and wish to change aircraft category, i.e. aeroplane to helicopter or vice versa. To achieve the required exam theory credit, they need to pass the category specific subject-part exams for the new category and satisfy any pre-qualification requirements for these subjects. They do not need to pass the 'common category' subject-parts.
As an example, a candidate who holds an Australian CPL(A) licence and wanting to gain their CPL(H) would need to pass CLWH, CFPH, CSYH and CADH within a new 'window' to gain their CPL(A) to CPL(H) theory credit. They effectively get recognition of prior learning for the common category exams of CMET, CNAV and CHUF.
Similarly for the holder of an Australian ATPL(H) licence and wanting their ATPL(A) would need to pass AASA, AFPA and APLA within a new 'window' to gain their ATPL(H) to ATPL(A) theory credit. They effectively get recognition of prior learning for the common category exams of AALW, AMET, ANAV and AHUF. A pass in IREX prior to the ATPL flight test is mandatory for ATPL(A) candidates, but optional for ATPL(H) candidates. Candidates doing the ATPL change of category are still required to meet the normal pre-qualification requirements to book the ATPL subject-part exams.
1 December 2016 - CHUF / AHUF requirements
From 1 December 2016, where a candidate has passed CHUF or AHUF prior to 1st July 2009, that pass will be accepted for a change of aircraft category. As an example, if a candidate holds a CPL(A) licence based on a CPL(A) theory credit which included a pass in CHUF in 2008, and now wishes to gain their CPL(H) licence, they would need to pass only the helicopter specific subjects of CLWH, CADH, CSYH and CFPH - they would not need to pass CHUF again.
1 September 2016 - Calculators
From 1 September 2016, where a calculator is part of the permitted material for an exam, candidates will be permitted to use their own calculator. The calculator permitted is limited to a 'Basic calculator'. The term 'Basic calculator' for the purposes of these exams, is defined as one which only has:
- the four functions (+, -, x and ÷)
- a square root function ( √ ) and
- a single memory and
- a percentage key (%) is optional.
It must not be programmable or an 'aviation computer' capable of doing CAS/TAS/MN conversions or solving of aviation type problems; such as determining ground speeds, required heading, wind components or in-flight winds.
Where a candidate is sitting their exam at an Aspeq venue, Aspeq will maintain their stock of calculators, so in the event of a candidate's own calculator failing, the candidate would be able to borrow a calculator in order to complete their examination.
1 August 2016 - ASL rebranding to Aspeq
ASL Pty Ltd deliver examinations on behalf of CASA. Aspeq is the parent company of ASL and from 1 August 2016 the group will move to the single brand, Aspeq. In terms of continuity and service level expectations, this will remain unchanged with the helpdesk and network of facilities and support staff not impacted in any way.
The webpage can be found at Aspeq website.
29 June 2016 - Flight and Duty times
Both 'CAO 48.0/48.1 dated 2004' and the new 'CAO 48.1 Instrument 2013' are current documents and may be used in exams where CAOs are permitted. As a transition period exists in relation to these CAOs until 31 October 2018, questions may be asked relating to either in CASA exams. Where appropriate, a comment may be placed with a question to guide the candidate as to which version of CAOs the question is examining. After 31 October 2018, the 2004 version of CAO 48.0/48.1 will be repealed and no longer used for any flight and duty time questions.
Where the 'Permitted Material' for an exam includes 'CAO 20-95.2', this automatically includes:
- CAO 48.0/48.1 dated 2004; and
- CAO 48.1 Instrument 2013; and
- Any amendments to these documents.
Exam questions are based on the current version of these documents.
31 May 2016 - Window definition
CASA released an exemption EX86/16 - CASR Part 61 aeronautical knowledge examinations and completion period on 31st May 2016 which effectively altered the 'window' for those candidates who commenced their CPL or ATPL exams under the old CAR 5 legislation, i.e. they must have passed at least one subject-part examination prior to 1st September 2014 when Part 61 was introduced. This exemption allows them to complete their 'bundle' of subjects within a 3 year time period.
Candidates who commenced their CPL or ATPL exams post 31 August 2014 under Part 61 are required to complete their 'bundle' within the 2 year period as stated within CASR Part 61.225 (2).
Where a candidate believes that this exemption applies to them, please contact Flight Crew Licensing at email@example.com
26 May 2016 – IREX and PIFR exam changes
Coinciding with the 26 May 2016 amendments which introduce additional 'Performance Based Navigation' requirements, there will be changes to the aircraft data sheets, VH-OZY and VH-PIF for IREX and PIFR exams respectively. The new data sheets include a TSO-C146a GNSS unit fitted amongst other changes to the aircraft. The new forms to be used from 26 May 2016 are available:
The PIFR exam, from 26 May 2016 will cover four basic Flight Procedure Authorisations (FPA), which are:
- Navigation using NDB;
- Navigation using VOR;
- Navigation using GNSS; and
- Flight at night.
16 March 2016
A reprinted version of the Bell 206L-1 Long Ranger II Performance and Operations Handbook is now available. The only changes to this from the previous version is the clarity of the text, especially on pages 26 and 27, all the information remains the same.
1 August 2015
Where the Planning Chart Australia (AUS PCA) forms part of the permitted materials under the 'Airservices List' for an examination, the 'AUS PCA' will be added to the Jeppesen List from 1 August 2015, meaning that candidates using the Jeppesen material may, for those examinations, also use the Airservices AUS PCA.
27 February 2015
Three new exams have been introduced into PEXO for Recreational pilots. They are:
- Recreational Pilot Licence (Aeroplane), exam code RPLA;
- Recreational Pilot Licence (Helicopter), exam code RPLH; and
- Recreational Pilot Licence Navigation, exam code RPLN.
Information about these exams is found at The RPL and PPL exams
1 September 2014
All Flight Crew Licence and Rating exams
The introduction of CASR Part 61 on 1 September 2014, resulted in a number of changes to the exams including:
- The aeronautical knowledge requirements for all subjects is found in the CASR Part 61 MOS, Schedule 3. It should be noted that (as an example) a candidate studying for CPL Navigation (CNAV) may be asked questions on topics from multiple Units, which in the case of CNAV may include Units 1.7.2 CNVC, 1.7.1 PNVC and 1.1.1 BAKC.
- The 'Training and Examination workbook for DAY VFR Syllabus Version 3 - 01 July 2011' was replaced with a new workbook, 'PPL and CPL (Aeroplane) Workbook'. See below for more details.
- Candidates for the PPLA and PPLH exam are permitted to use their own copies of the Sydney, Townsville and Bourke WACs in these exams.
- The ATPL workbook provided in the AMET exam ceased to be used. All forecasts, significant weather charts and diagrams, will be provided to candidates on their computer screen with the question.
- Changes to overseas licence conversion requirements are covered below.
PPL and CPL (Aeroplane) workbook
This new PPL and CPL (Aeroplane) workbook replaces the 'Training and Examination workbook for DAY VFR Syllabus Version 3 - 01 July 2011'. It is used for each of the following subject-part exams, RPLA, PPLA and CFPA. It includes all of the diagrams, graphs and text which were on pages 1 – 23 of the old workbook, i.e. it includes all the take-off weight charts, landing distance charts as well as loading systems ALPHA, BRAVO, CHARLIE and ECHO and their associated graphs and charts. There are no forecasts (TAFs, TTFs or ARFORs) or other meteorological charts in this new workbook. Where forecasts or weather charts are required, they will be displayed on the computer screen with the text of the question.
CASA received a number of comments about the print quality of the WAC extracts in the old workbook and has not been able to resolve this issue. Consequently candidates for both the PPLA and PPLH exam are now permitted to take their own copies of these three WACs (Sydney, Townsville and Bourke) into their exam.
The simple diagrams and graphs; e.g. those used for 1 in 60 problems and Total Drag versus TAS, will be displayed on the computer screen with the text of a question where appropriate.
There are no plans for the development of a PPL and CPL (Helicopter) workboook as the diagrams and graphs which are relevant to the helicopter exams will also be provided with the text of the question.
Overseas licence conversion exams
The introduction of CASR Part 61 on 1 September 2014, resulted in a number of changes to the exam requirements for candidates holding a valid foreign pilots licence wishing to convert to an Australian licence. The new exam requirements are:
- PPL(A) and PPL(H) – there are no mandatory theory exam requirements.
- CPL(A) – Candidates desiring an Australian CPL(A) holding a valid foreign CPL(A) or ATPL(A) licence are required to pass both CHUF and COSA subject-parts within one 'window'.
- CPL(H) – Candidates desiring an Australian CPL(H) holding a valid foreign CPL(H) or ATPL(H) licence are required to pass both CHUF and COSH subject-parts within one 'window'.
- ATPL(A) – Candidates desiring an Australian ATPL(A) holding a valid foreign ATPL(A) licence are required to pass AHUF, AOSA and IREX1 subject-parts within one 'window'.
- ATPL(H) – Candidates desiring an Australian ATPL(H) holding a valid foreign ATPL(H) licence are required to pass both AHUF and AOSH subject-parts within one 'window'.
1 A candidate for an Australian ATPL(A) who has previously passed CASA's IREX exam is not required to re-sit this subject.
Where an Australian instrument rating is desired, candidates must also pass the instrument rating examination (IREX). This is an option for all Australian licences [PPL, CPL or ATPL(H)] and may be added at any time, except for an ATPL(A) where it is a mandatory requirement prior to issue.
1 June 2014
All Flight Crew Licence and Rating exams
From 1 June 2014, CASA will progressively be introducing some questions into exams which do NOT provide multiple choice answers. These questions will require only a numerical value(s) (no text or punctuation) to be entered using the keypad; e.g. 123. It is anticipated that these questions will be of a practical type such as, 'The distance from A to B in nm is closest to –' the candidate will then need to determine their answer and enter the value in the space provided. Where appropriate, CASA will set an acceptable range of values for the correct answer. The permissible range would vary with the complexity of the question, but would allow for variations candidates may obtain from using different methods or navigation computers.