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CASR Part 119 - Australian air transport operators - certification and management
New rules dealing with the certification and management for air transport operators commence on 2 December 2021.
Air transport is a new term that replaces both charter and regular public transport (RPT) and adds medical transport operations such as patient transport.
These rules are in Civil Aviation Safety Regulations (CASR) Part 119.
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Part 119 applies to all operators with an Air Operator's Certificate (AOC) for current charter, RPT or air ambulance operations.
CASRs are interconnected building blocks. So, while Part 119 deals with general certification and management, additional rules apply depending on your operations. You will also need to comply with Part 133 – Rotorcraft air transport and/or Part 135 – Smaller aeroplane air transport and/or Part 121 – Larger aeroplane air transport.
All operators and pilots also need to comply with Part 91 – General operating and flight rules.
One of the main aims of the new flight operations rules is to improve the safety of charter operations. There is a significant statistical difference in accident rates between charter and RPT flights. There are also, under the old rules, different regulatory requirements for RPT and charter.
Part 119 reduces the regulatory differences by creating one category of air transport that can be flexibly applied to operations of different sizes and complexities. Some of the requirements that are new to charter operators are delayed subject to certain conditions.
The main changes are:
- Introduce greater flexibility around the qualifications for key personnel.
- Introduce a scalable safety management system (SMS) for all air transport operators and a requirement for a key person to manage the SMS. This means if you are conducting charter under the old rules you will need an SMS for the first time – with the option to delay for 3 years.
- Introduce a scalable training and checking system (T&C) for all air transport operators. This means smaller, less complex operators conducting charter under the old rules will need a T&C system for the first time – with the option to delay for 15 months.
- Introduce scalable human factors and non-technical training (HF/NTS) requirements for all air transport operators. This means if you are conducting charter under the old rules you will need a HF/NTS training scheme for the first time – with the option to delay for 2 years.
- Replace aerial work air ambulance operations with medical transport operations.
- Replace regulatory references to operations manual with exposition. An exposition is an umbrella term that includes all the manuals you require to comply with the rules.
- Define changes that are significant and need prior approval from CASA, including the requirement to have a process for managing changes to your operations in your manual.
Part 91 is part of a suite of flight operations regulations that commence on 2 December 2021.
Current rules in effect for Part 119 include:
- Part 119 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998.