CASA style of exam questions
CASA examinations are written to test the knowledge standards of a well-prepared candidate, which is defined as: one who has completed a well structured course, either under supervision or through self-study, based on a comprehensive coverage of the relevant syllabus, and who has demonstrated achievement sufficient, from a theoretical knowledge consideration, to ensure competent and safe standard of operations for all privileges of the licence or rating.
Types of examination questions
CASA examinations have two types of questions, the multi-choice type and the supply-short-answer type. The latter is restricted to answers involving numerical values only. The CASA eLearning module for candidates on Aviationworx has examples of these types of questions.
Multi-choice question (MCQ)
The MCQ poses a query (or problem) as well as provides a number of alternative answers (or options). The alternative answers may vary from three to a maximum of five. The candidates should select one of the alternative answers which he/she has determined as the correct (or nearest correct) answer for the question asked. This is done by ‘clicking’ the radio button besides the desired alternative answer.
Another variation of the MCQ may be in a form, where the stem contains several (numbered) statements or situations in addition to the question posed.
- GPS Arrival
- DME Arrival
If your Command Instrument Rating is endorsed with NDB only, which of above-numbered approach procedure(s) would you be permitted to conduct in IMC conditions?
No 1 only
No 1 and 2 only
No 1 and 4 only
No 1 and 5 only
No 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
This type of question poses a query and provides a blank space for the candidate to type in the answer. The required answer is restricted to numerical values only.
All questions are 'stand alone', that is, they are not linked to one another and therefore will neither affect nor be dependent upon the answers of other questions.
The questions in an examination may be of either equal or different marks. The marks awarded to a question are based on the degree of complexity (time involved in answering it), and may range from 1 to 5. In the examination, the question will indicate its allocated marks. CASA strongly advises candidates to take particular note of the marks for each question.
Total marks per subject examination
The aggregate of the marks for the questions in a subject examination is the same for every candidate, though the questions may differ from candidate to candidate. The total marks form the examination’s maximum possible score.
The passing score for the examination is a defined percentage of its total marks, and is published in both the examination itself and the CASA examination information web page. When the candidate’s percentage score is not a round figure, the rules of rounding out shall be:
To obtain a pass in an examination the candidate must attain the required standard, as defined by the minimum passing score.
The only acceptable proof of the candidate's examination score is when it is recorded in the CASA flight crew examination recording system.
Claims of failure due to disadvantage
CASA may not award a Pass to a candidate on the basis of being allegedly disadvantaged, eg. experienced disruption during the examination session such as unacceptable high noise level, other disturbances, emergency fire drills, etc, or supplied with wrong material by supervisor, or encountered computer malfunction, etc.
Answer all questions
Every question in an examination will be scored, therefore the candidate is advised to answer all or as many as possible. Where two questions (or more) appear to be, or even, similar, both should be answered.
An unanswered question is scored as incorrectly answered.
No penalty marking
CASA does not practise penalty scoring for incorrectly answered MCQ.
Objection to questions
A candidate may not object to any examination question on the basis of his/her personal preference, opinion or limitations of his/her training.
Appeal against a question
The only exception to the rule of ‘answer all questions’ shall be when a candidate assesses that a question cannot be answered due to incomplete but essential data or information. The candidate shall report to CASA on the question’s lack of vital data or information as soon as possible after the examination. If the candidate’s post-examination report is valid, the question will be deleted (and not scored). If the question is correct and valid, the question will be scored.
An exam candidate has the right to answer any question in an exam. However, if he/she answers a question which is then marked as incorrectly answered, any subsequent appeals against it as being unanswerable may be weakened by his/her own contradictory actions.
The time allocated to an examination is based on the need for a ‘well-prepared’ candidate to answer all the questions. The candidate has sole responsibility in managing his/her examination time.
Working calculations and assessment
The candidate should bear in mind that the CASA examination is made up of multi-choice and supply-short-answer types of questions, precisely to enable computer scoring so as to achieve virtually instantaneous turnaround of results. Thus the candidate's working calculations are not required nor assessed. The scoring of the examination is based solely on the candidate's selection of answers. Therefore a candidate should exercise the utmost care when selecting or entering the preferred answers.
The re-assessment process does not examine the candidate’s working calculations, as would be the case when scoring any multi-choice style of examination. Additionally, CASA security protocols require the examination supervisor to destroy all scribble pads after the examination. Except in an appeal against a question having incomplete data or information, or has been incorrectly written, the sole criterion for deciding whether a question has been answered correctly is the candidate’s choice of answer.
Deletion of questions from a paper
The Authority reserves the right to delete questions from an examination prior to or after the sitting, when there are valid reasons for doing so. However, the total time allocated for the part remains unchanged.
When a question has been deleted, the total marks for the examination would be reduced by an amount equal to the marks of the question. The percentage score achieved by the candidate is based against the examination’s adjusted total marks. CASA may not award the marks of a deleted question to a candidate.
Candidates are reminded that examination questions and material provided are only for the examination sitting, and must not be copied or taken out of the examination room for study, training or any other purposes. This rule includes all calculations, writings, drawings or scribbling done on the scribble pad provided. Any breach of the rules may give CASA grounds for taking action against the candidate under CAR 298A, which action could lead to the outcome indicated in CAR 298A (5).