Appendix A: Operating statistics
Table A.1 Air operator certificates, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Type of application||GA||AO||GA||AO||GA/AO||GA/AO||GA/AO|
|Subsequent issue with variation||0||0||0||0||0||1||0|
|Current certificates at 30 June||820||31||860||856||845||824|
AO = airline operations, GA = general aviation
Note: Includes operators involved in one or more of aerial work, charter, charter (cargo), flying training, foreign aircraft (passengers and cargo), foreign aircraft (cargo), scheduled cargo services, scheduled passenger services and unmanned aerial vehicles.
CASA’s IT system no longer records air operator certificates in the separate categories of AO and GA. This change affects the number of current certificates for 2011–12 and all records from 2012–13 onward.
Table A.2 Unmanned aerial vehicle operator’s certificates, 2002–13 to 2014–15
|Unmanned aerial vehicle operator’s certificates issued||51||51||154|
Note:For 11 years prior to the centralisation of the Remotely Piloted Aircraft Branch in April 2013, 31 unmanned operator’s certificates were managed through CASA’s regional offices. Between April and June 2013, an additional 20 certificates were issued, bringing the total for 2002–13 to 51.
Table A.3 Flight crew licences, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Licence type||2010–11 issued||2010–11 current||2011–12 issued||2011–12 current||2012–13 issued||2012–13 current||2013–14 issued||2013–14 current||2014–15 issued||2014–15 current|
|Aeroplane – Air transport||486||7,121||504||7,321||533||7,287||527||7,573||245||7,482|
|Aeroplane – Multi-crew||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Aeroplane – Commercial||1,299||4,642||1,059||4,454||1,039||4,347||1,032||4,307||980||4,357|
|Aeroplane – Private||1,405||15,265||1,198||14,469||1,316||13,886||1,212||13,414||1,101||13,097|
|Aeroplane – Recreational1||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||841||2,821|
|Aeroplane – Student (GFPT)2||1,260||3,478||1,141||3,260||1,234||3,120||1,106||2,812||169||_|
|Total aeroplane pilots||4,450||30,506||3,902||29,504||4,122||28,640||3,877||28,106||3,336||27,757|
|Helicopter – Air transport||48||668||58||702||78||751||124||845||44||855|
|Helicopter – Commercial||288||1,860||257||1,882||265||1,895||234||1,892||201||1,853|
|Helicopter – Private||104||837||145||830||141||859||130||840||115||890|
|Helicopter – Recreational1||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||7||38|
|Helicopter – Student (GFPT)2||4||37||11||43||9||33||10||40||0||_|
|Total helicopter pilots||444||3,402||471||3,457||493||3,538||498||3,617||367||3,636|
|Student (no GFPT)2||2,931||6,579||2,913||6,388||2,609||5,704||2,534||5,455||352||_|
|Total other pilots||2,937||6,686||2,919||6,489||2,616||5,806||2,537||5,564||359||106|
|Total initial issues and current pilots4||7,831||39,372||7,292||38,271||7,231||36,805||6,912||36,086||4,085||30,656|
|Restricted flight engineer||0||659||0||618||0||599||0||584||0||_|
|Student flight engineer||0||10||0||9||0||8||0||9||0||_|
|Total initial issues and current flight engineers||0||799||0||741||0||718||0||690||1||88|
Note: CASR Part 61 was implemented on 1 September 2014, replacing CAR 5 regulations.
The calculation rules have changed for this annual report to ensure consistency of figures across all years and to better reflect the numbers of each type of licence.
For current pilots, in each licence category (aeroplane, helicopter and other), pilots are counted only once against the highest licence level held where an appropriate medical certificate to use that licence is also held (class 1 for air transport and commercial, class 2 for private, and class 2 or a recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate for recreational). Therefore, if a pilot holds an aeroplane licence and a helicopter licence, the pilot will be counted once in each category.
The ‘Total initial issues and current pilots’ row includes all pilots who held a minimum of a class 2 medical each financial year. This reflects the number of pilots who were active, but not necessarily exercising the full privileges of their licence. In this row a pilot is counted only once regardless of the number of categories of licences held; therefore the total does not equal the sum of the licence categories above it.
1. Recreational and glider pilot licences did not exist under the CAR 5 regulations.
2. These licences ceased to be valid when CASR Part 61 was implemented. Pilots holding a General Flying Progress Test (GFPT) were transitioned to a Recreational Pilot Licence (RPL) on 1 September 2014.
3. Includes balloons and airships.
4. Totals do not equal the sums of the numbers above – see the general note to the table.
Table A.4 Flight crew licensing examinations, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Exams sat||% passed||Exams sat||% passed||Exams sat||% passed||Exams sat||% passed||Exams sat||% passed|
|Air transport pilot licence||5,736||73.6||5,445||74.3||5,090||71.2||5,470||73.8||3,539||70.2|
|Commercial pilot licence||13,098||71.7||10,480||73.0||10,621||73.8||10,810||75.6||10,893||73.7|
|Private pilot licence||1,826||73.3||1,843||72.5||1,686||69.9||1,834||70.2||1,937||62|
|Recreational pilot licencea||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||17||47.1|
n/a = not available a. This category commenced with the introduction of CASR Part 61 on 1 September 2014.
Table A.5 Medical certificates, 2010–11 to 2014–15
Note: The certificate classes are Class 1 — Professional pilots and flight engineers; Class 2 — Student and private pilots; and Class 3 — Air traffic control and flight service providers.
The query parameters for these statistics were changed in 2012–13. A certificate issued may have more than one class of medical: for example, all class 1 medicals are automatically issued a class 2 medical. From 2012–13 onward, the total shown in line 4 is the total number of certificates issued, not the sum of the three licence classes for initial issues or renewals.
Table A.6 Certificates of approval, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Type of application||GA||AO||GA/AO||GA/AO||GA/AO||GA/AO|
|Subsequent issue with variation||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Current certificates at 30 June||736||733||701||654||665|
AO = airline operations, GA = general aviation
Note: Includes operators involved in one or more of aircraft and component maintenance, design (aircraft, components and materials), distribution (components and materials), aircraft maintenance engineer training and examinations. All applications are processed by the CASA Permissions Application Centre.
CASA’s IT system no longer records air operator certificates in the separate categories of AO and GA. This change affects all records from 2011–12 onward.
Table A.7 Civil Aviation Safety Regulations Part 145 approval certificates, 2012–13 to 2014–15
|Current certificates at 30 June||126||139||159|
Table A.8 Aircraft maintenance engineer examinations, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Scheduled examination sittings||5,187||4,835||3,492||3,863||3,569|
|Special examination sittingsa||1,070||1,056||904||400||157|
|Category technical competency examinationsb||98||339||76||29||53|
|Weight control authority examinations||0||3||3||48||93|
a. Special examination sittings may be approved for individuals who are unable to sit an examination at a scheduled sitting date and have a particular reason to sit for an examination for the issue of an aircraft maintenance engineer licence. Training organisations may also seek special sittings to coincide with completion of their courses.
b. These examinations are for Australian Defence Force and overseas licence holders only.
Table A.9 Aircraft maintenance engineer licences, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Category Technical Competency Assessment and Licence Technical Assessment (combined)|
|Trans-Tasman Mutual Recognition Act 1997 assessments|
|Average age of licence holder||n/ad||48||48||48.7||49.1|
n/a = not available
a. Assessments do not result in a licence issue.
b. Civil Aviation Regulation 31 licences.
c. Civil Aviation Safety Regulations Part 66 licences.
d. Prior to 2012, data on aircraft maintenance engineer licence holders’ average age were not published.
Table A.10 Airworthiness authorities issued, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Non-destructive testing authorities||10||15||5||34||6|
|Weight control authorities||5||7||8||3||15|
Table A.11 Airworthiness certificates, authorisations and approvals, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Type certificate (includes amendments)a|
|Lighter than air||0||1||1||1||0|
|Type acceptance certificate (includes amendments)a|
|Lighter than air||2||1||1||0||2|
|Other authorisations, certificates and approvals|
|Supplemental type certificate||15||20||17a||9a||24a|
|Certificate of airworthiness||n/a||492||532||512||443|
|Special flight authorisation||32||27||23||13||25|
|Special flight permitb||153||302||245||371||288|
|Generated minimum equipment listd||64||85||31||n/a||n/a|
|Simulator certification (flight simulator training devices)||42||41||36||41||48e|
|Flight manual supplement/aircraft flight manual approvals||8||4||2||0||5|
n/a = not available
a. Includes amendments to supplemental data including type certificate data sheets and type certificate holder details.
b. Figures include all permits issued by CASA and industry delegates except for 2010–11, which does not include permits issued by CASA’s Operations division.
c. From 2012–13, the total encompasses all experimental certificates issued by CASA and delegates, whereas the totals for previous years include only those certificates issued by the Airworthiness and Engineering Branch.
d. The Generated Minimum Equipment List system was decommissioned on 30 June 2013.
e. Includes five certificates issued for devices located overseas.
Table A.12 Aircraft registrations, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Changes of registration holder||1,387||1,395||1,239||1,354||1,213|
|Cancellations of registration||233||224||234||240||321|
|Changes of registration marks||65||66||58||54||56|
|Reservations of registration marks||1,284||1,225||1,285||1,143||964|
|Reissues of certificates of registrationa||190||43||34||123||81|
|Aircraft registered as at 30 June||14,362||14,748||15,082||15,259||15,287|
|Marks reserved as at 30 June||792||732||716||666||685|
a. Due to changes of address or loss, for example. The decline in reissues of certificates of registration from 2011–12 is due to a change to the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations (CASR). Previously, CASR 47.120 stated that CASA ‘must’ issue a replacement certificate when information on the register, such as addresses, was changed. That regulation was removed at the beginning of 2011–12. Now, CASR 11.115 stipulates that CASA ‘may’ reissue a certificate under those circumstances.
Table A.13a Age of the Australian fleet of civil aircraft at 30 June 2015
|Aircraft group||Engine||56 years||56–47 years||46–37 years||36–27 years||26–17 years||16–7 years||6–2 years||< 2 years||Total by group||% of total fleet|
|Aeroplane – single engine||Piston||0||7||43||129||249||586||245||54||1,313||8.59|
|Aeroplane – multi engine||Piston||0||0||0||1||2||5||1||0||9||0.06|
Table A.13b Production aircraft
|Aircraft group||Maximum take-off weight||Engine||56 years||56–47 years||46–37 years||36–27 years||26–17 years||16–7 years||6–2 years||< 2 years||Total by group||% of total fleet|
|Helicopter – single engine||Not applicable||Piston||3||45||52||70||192||587||243||27||1,219||7.97|
|Helicopter – multi engine||Up to 5,700kg||Turboshaft||0||0||9||51||61||40||23||0||184||1.20|
|Aeroplane – single engine||Up to 5,700kg||Piston||960||1,518||2,350||1,158||373||738||228||23||7,348||48.07|
|Aeroplane – multi engine||Up to 5,700kg||Piston||30||163||622||327||19||36||30||4||1,231||8.05|
|5,701 to 20,000kg||Piston||23||4||0||0||0||0||0||0||27||0.18|
|20,001 to 50,000kg||Piston||3||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||5||0.03|
|50,001 to 100,000kg||Piston||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||0.01|
Table A.13c: Other Aircraft
|Aircraft group||56 years||56–47 years||46–37 years||36–27 years||26–17 years||16–7 years||6–2 years||< 2 years||Total by group||% of total fleet|
Table A.13d: Total fleet
|Measure||56 years||56–47 years||46–37 years||36–27 years||26–17 years||16–7 years||6–2 years||< 2 years||Total fleet|
|Total by age bracket||1,084||1,931||3,724||2,488||1,646||2,888||1,305||221||15,287|
|Total % of fleet||7.09||12.63||24.36||16.28||10.77||18.89||8.54||1.45|
kg = kilogram, MTOW = maximum take-off weight.
Table A.14 Appointments of airworthiness delegates and authorised persons, 2012–13 to 2014–15
|Appointments excluding Civil Aviation Safety Regulations Subpart 21.M|
|Appointments (active) at 30 June||110||113||111|
|Appointments under Civil Aviation Safety Regulations Subpart 21.M|
|Initial issue and variation||n/a||33||34|
|Appointments (active) at 30 June||n/a||39||42|
|Active airworthiness delegates and authorised persons at 30 June||n/a||152||153|
n/a = not available
Table A.15 Production authorisations, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Under voluntary suspension at 30 June||n/a||n/a||4||3||3|
|Active as 30 June||n/a||n/a||9||9||9|
|One-off production certificates|
|Under voluntary suspension at 30 June||n/a||n/a||1||2||2|
|Active at 30 June||n/a||n/a||23||24||29|
|Australian Parts Manufacturer Approvals|
|Under voluntary suspension at 30 June||n/a||n/a||6||10||11|
|Active at 30 June||n/a||n/a||45||40||38|
|Australian Technical Standard Order Authorisations|
|Initial issue or variation||1||0||4||3||4|
|Under voluntary suspension at 30 June||n/a||n/a||2||2||3|
|Active at 30 June||n/a||n/a||7||9||10|
|Parts approvals under Civil Aviation Safety Regulations Subpart 21.305A|
|Initial issue or variation||n/a||n/a||1||4||1|
|Under voluntary suspension at 30 June||n/a||n/a||1||3||3|
|Active at 30 June||n/a||n/a||11||9||9|
|Total production authorisation holders at 30 June||n/a||n/a||109||111||117|
n/a = not available
Table A.16 Airworthiness directives and bulletins, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Australian Airworthiness Directive|
|State of Design Airworthiness Directive||429||448||540||565||649|
|Exclusion from Airworthiness Directive||205||250||125||101||67|
|Review of Airworthiness Directive||11||10||6||9||6|
n/a = not available
a. Measure introduced in 2014–15 to enhance reporting.
Table A.17 Aircraft service difficulty reports, 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Received during the year||2,401||1,883||2,737||3,091||2,829|
|Closed during the year||1,787||1,053||2,174||2,170||2,092|
|Open as at 30 Junea||1,019||1,035||991||935||1,646|
a. A significant portion of this figure consists of aircraft above 5,700kg awaiting follow-up reports, such as investigation reports or laboratory reports, including some from overseas manufacturers.
Table A.18 Aerodromes at 30 June, 2010–11 to 2014–15