Aircraft class or type ratings
All multi-crew certificated aircraft and some single-pilot certificated aircraft are designated with type ratings. Single-pilot aircraft are designated with type ratings due to the complexity of the aircraft systems or the aircraft’s performance and handling characteristics that require additional training.
Some types of aircraft have various models and where appropriate, CASA specifies that differences training must be completed before flying a different model that is included in a type rating.
CASA has designated aircraft ‘type ratings’ in the Prescription of aircraft and ratings – CASR Part 61 (Edition 1). Aircraft that are not designated a type rating will be contained in a class rating for the category the aircraft is in.
Aircraft class ratings
Part 61 provides for five aircraft class ratings, as follows:
- single-engine aeroplane
- multi-engine aeroplane
- single-engine helicopter
- single-engine gyroplane
Aircraft are included in a class rating unless they are designated as a type-rated aircraft. If you hold a class rating, you are authorised to operate any aircraft in the class as long as you have a current flight review for that class rating.
Some more complex high performance class-rated aircraft require initial flight training and a flight review in that type before they can be flown by a pilot for the first time as pilot in command, even if the s/he holds the class rating. Once the training and the review have been done, the pilot can continue flying the type of aircraft under the class rating.