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- Identifying the early signs of fatigue.
- Recognising the signs of fatigue – yawning, headaches, heavy eyes and more!
- Implementing fatigue coping strategies and contingency plans. Establish a sleep routine, if possible take a nap, engage in a healthy lifestyle.
- Exercise improves stamina and energy; nutrition and hydration are important in managing fatigue.
- Anticipating future stresses or hurdles – try relaxation techniques, schedule rest time, limit the use of caffeine before sleep.
- Flight crew members (FCMs) should use their off-duty time responsibly, in order togain adequate rest.
- Speak up if you’re fatigued. Report fatigue incidents.
- Acknowledge fatigue - it is not a sign of weakness.
- Exchanging information with FCMs
- Gather information about rosters that have a high incidence of fatigue reporting – take steps to minimise risk.
- Developing strategies for your staff, especially training. These become primary defences in managing fatigue risks.
- Applying a risk-based approach when scheduling flight crew timetables. To avoid over-reliance on individual FCMs, have backups, or plan for more flexible crew rosters.
- Modifying rosters to combat fatigue – regular assessment for fatigue risk.
- Implement systems (for example feedback or surveys) to predict and capture risk on crew rosters.
- Make information available to regularly update/educate staff about the benefits of a healthy lifestyle and the adverse effects of alcohol and other drugs.
Be aware of the signs
Mental symptoms to look out for:
- Disorganised thought processes
- Poor communication patterns
- Reduced situation awareness
- Poor retention of information
- Poor decision making
Behavioural & physical symptoms to look out for:
- Rubbing eyes/twitching
- Lack of energy
- Light headedness
- Poor coordination
Emotional symptoms to look out for:
- Lack of motivation
- Increased stress levels
- Mood changes
- Reduced tolerance
- Low morale