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Team conducting the independent review of the fatigue rules
Dédale Asia Pacific, a Melbourne-based human factors and safety consultancy, was commissioned by the CASA Board to steer the independent review of aviation fatigue rules for operators and pilots in 2017.
Dédale assembled a team of internationally experienced and highly respected specialists to fulfil the review's Terms of Reference and provide an informed basis on which CASA will complete the implementation of the new fatigue rules.
The independent review team members were:
- Brenton Hayward, Dédale Asia Pacific
- Dr Andrew Lowe, Dédale Asia Pacific
- Dr Adam Fletcher, Integrated Safety Support
- Juanita Diaz, Integrated Safety Support
- Dr Wayne Martin, University of Southern Queensland.
In addition, Dédale Asia Pacific engaged an expert advisory panel to guide the strategic direction of the review and support the independent review team with specialist knowledge including international best practice in fatigue risk management, safety management and aviation regulation. They oversaw and critiqued key deliverables throughout the review, including project conclusions and the final report of the independent review team.
The expert advisory panel members were:
- Dr Curtis Graeber; global expert on fatigue science and risk management, safety management and human factors, USA
- Jean Pariès; international expert on flight safety and human factors; President of the Resilience Engineering Association, Dédale SAS, France
- Dr Rob Lee, AO; international specialist in human factors and systems safety in aviation and other high technology industries, Australia.
The independent review team and expert advisory panel included leading international specialists with extensive experience and expertise in:
- aviation human factors, applied organisational psychology and safety management
- aviation fatigue risk management science and application including developing, implementing and reviewing fatigue-related safety programs for the aviation industry (both in Australia and internationally)
- operational experience in a range of aviation sectors including the commercial airline environment, private pilot, military and civil aviation environments
- developing standards, recommended practices and guidance materials for managing pilot fatigue on behalf of the International Civil Aviation Organization, International Air Transport Association, and the International Federation of Air Line Pilots' Associations
- international and domestic accident and incident investigation in aviation and other domains.
Independent review team and their backgrounds
Brent Hayward, Dédale Asia Pacific
Brent is an aviation human factors specialist and registered psychologist with more than 35 years' experience working with human factors, safety promotion and safety investigation. His career has spanned civil and military aviation and other safety critical industries (including rail operations, maritime, resource mining and nuclear power production) in Australia and internationally. Brent has enjoyed full-time roles at the Department of Defence, Australian Airlines and Qantas Airways. He established Dédale Asia Pacific as an independent human factors and safety consultancy in 1998.
In recent years, Brent has worked closely with Dr Andrew Lowe, leading and working on major safety enhancement projects and reviews for a range of transport and high-risk industry organisations including Airservices Australia, Changi Airport Group (Singapore), the National Rail Safety Regulators Panel (Australia), the National Transport Commission, Queensland Transport, and the Swedish Nuclear Power Regulator (SKI / Swedish Radiation Safety Authority).
Brent's contribution to aviation human factors was recognised in 2003 when he received the Australian Aviation Psychology Association's Aviation Human Factors Achievement Award.
Dr Andrew Lowe, Dédale Asia Pacific
Dr Andrew Lowe has been Principal Consultant with Dédale Asia Pacific since 2001. He holds a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) degree in Psychology from the University of Melbourne and a PhD from Monash University and is a registered psychologist.
Andrew has more than 35 years' experience as an occupational psychologist, and human resource consultant, specialising in applied aviation safety and human factors. Andrew's work with the aviation industry includes aircraft incident analysis for airlines both in Australia and overseas, numerous roles in the Royal Australian Air Force including human factors investigator, safety management training, and the role of Senior Psychologist.
Since joining Dédale, Andrew has worked closely with Brent Hayward on a range of aviation projects in Australia and overseas (in which aviation human factors, safety systems and management, aircraft incident analysis have been a major focus) along with other safety projects for transport and high-risk industry organisations.
Dr Adam Fletcher, Integrated Safety Support
Dr Adam Fletcher will be providing specialist fatigue and risk advice to the independent review of the fatigue rules. He is the CEO and Principal Consultant of Integrated Safety Support (ISS).
Adam completed his research PhD at the University of South Australia (UniSA), where he investigated the measurement and prediction of workrelated fatigue. He subsequently worked as a Senior Research Fellow at UniSA's Centre for Sleep Research, and as a Research Psychologist studying the effects of sleep deprivation on operational performance and safety for the US Army. Since his return from to Australia in 2006 he has been focused on developing, implementing, and reviewing fatiguerelated safety programs, with an emphasis on riskbased systems, for clients in 24/7 industries.
Adam has provided specialist safety and fatigue management consulting services to aviation-related clients including Air France, Airservices Australia, the Australian Federation of Air Pilots, Babcock, Cobham, easyJet, Fiji Airways, the Royal Flying Doctor Service, Qantas Group, Virgin Australia and Zurich Insurance.
Juanita Diaz, Integrated Safety Support
Juanita Diaz is a human factors and fatigue risk management specialist with eight years working in the airline industry, followed by nearly two years at the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB). She is a private pilot and her previous operational roles involved management of staff rostering, airline operations and aircraft maintenance allocations. These combined experiences have given Juanita extensive exposure to around-the-clock shift work environments in multiple Australian airlines. Juanita has a Masters in Science and Technology (Aviation), and a keen interest in the effects of culture on human factors.
Dr Wayne Martin, University of Southern Queensland
Dr Wayne Martin is a human factors expert and commercial pilot. He is currently a post-doctoral researcher and senior lecturer (aviation and logistics) at the University of Southern Queensland, and B777 pilot with Virgin Australia.
Wayne's career as a pilot began in the Royal New Zealand Air Force almost 40 years ago. Following 10 years in the military, he became a commercial pilot, working for a range of airlines in New Zealand including Air Nelson, Ansett New Zealand and a crewing company servicing New Zealand and the South Pacific. In 2004, Wayne joined Pacific Blue (Virgin Australia New Zealand) starting as a first officer, then as a captain and training captain before landing his current role as a B777 pilot with Virgin Australia which he has held for over 13 years.
Throughout his career, Wayne has worked extensively in ground training of a wide variety of disciplines, and held various management positions in fleet, training and non-technical skills roles. He established (and continues to run) the annual PACDEFF Airline Human Factors Conference. Wayne has also enjoyed an extensive academic career culminating in a PhD in Human Factors and was made a Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society in 2014.
Expert advisory panel and their backgrounds
Dr Curtis Graeber
Dr Curtis Graeber is a respected global expert on fatigue science and risk management, safety management, and human factors. From 2009-2016 he was President of The Graeber Group, an independent consultancy specialising in human performance and aviation safety.
Curt has served on numerous international and government committees and has advised various airlines and airline groups in relation to fatigue risk management. He served on the Board of the U.S. National Sleep Foundation from 2008 to 2011, organised and co-chaired the Flight Safety Foundation's Ultra LongRange Crew Alertness Initiative, and led ICAO's Fatigue Risk Management Systems (FRMS) Task Force. He is also a founding member and chair of Air New Zealand's Independent Alertness Advisory Panel, and serves as an FRMS advisor to Air France and to Southwest Airlines through Clockwork Research in the UK.
Jean Pariès is President of the Dédale SAS company, based in Paris, France. Jean graduated from ENAC, the French National School of Civil Aviation, as an aeronautical engineer in 1973. He then joined the French civil aviation authority (DGAC), where he worked in a succession of regulatory capacities and roles including airworthiness, flight operations, and pilot licensing, also contributing to several ICAO and European working groups. He served as Chairman of the JAA Professional Pilot Licences Working Group and participated in the foundation ICAO Flight Safety and Human Factors Working Group.
In the early 1990s Jean was Deputy Head, and Head of Investigations with the French state air accident investigation body, the Bureau Enquêtes Accidents (BEA). Jean left the BEA in 1994 to establish and manage the Dédale group. Since that time, he has led the Dédale consulting team on a wide variety of applied human factors training development, operational research and organisational reliability consulting assignments for clients in the aviation, health care, maritime, nuclear power, rail and road safety domains.
Jean currently holds a commercial pilot licence with instrument, multi-engine, turboprop, and instructor ratings and has a private pilot licence for helicopters.
Dr Rob Lee, AO
Dr Rob Lee is an international consultant on human factors, systems safety, and accident/incident investigation, working with airlines, airports, regulators and air safety investigation organisations. In addition to aviation, he works in other transport modes, such as rail, and in high technology industries including nuclear power, and healthcare.
Rob worked as Senior Psychologist, Operational Command, with the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and is still serving as a Group Captain in the RAAF Specialist Reserve. In 1983 Dr Lee joined the then Bureau of Air Safety Investigation (BASI) as the Bureau's first human factors specialist, and was subsequently appointed as the Director of BASI, a position that he held from 19891999. In November 2000, he set up his own company, and now works as an international consultant in human factors and systems safety, in aviation and in other high technology industries.
Rob has received numerous awards from various national and international aviation safety and human factors organisations, including the Australian Aviation Psychology Association (AAvPA), European Association for Aviation Psychology (EAAP), GAPAN and the Royal Aeronautical Society. In 2012 Dr Lee was made an Officer in the General Division of the Order of Australia (AO) 'for distinguished service to the aviation industry, to the development of air safety and accident investigation standards, and to national and international professional associations'.