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Fatigue rules for operators and pilots
What are the fatigue rules for operators and pilots?
The new rules – CAO 48.1 Instrument 2019
CAO 48.1 Instrument 2019 came into effect on 1 July 2019 with transitional provisions until 26 March 2020.
Repealed rules – available under transitional provisions
The transitional provisions permit some operators to continue operating under previous rules for a limited period of time. Links to the previous rules are provided for convenience. Please note that the Federal Register of Legislation will show these rules as 'Superceded Version'.
CAO 48.1 Instrument 2013 as amended by the July 2016 improvements
In July 2016 CASA introduced improvements to CAO 48.1 Instrument 2013 including new appendices to cover ballooning, medical transport and emergency services, and daylight only aerial work operations including helicopter mustering. CAO 48.1 Instrument 2016 (No 1) amends CAO 48.1 Instrument 2013.
The Guidance version of the legislation (PDF 877.04 KB) is a useful compilation of all amendments to CAO 48.1 Instrument 2013.
CAO 48.1 Instrument 2013
In April 2013 CASA introduced new rules for the management of pilot fatigue set out in CAO 48.1 Instrument 2013.
CAO Part 48
Flight time limitations for operators were detailed in CAO Part 48 as follows:
- CAO Section 48.0 (2004)
- CAO Section 48.1 (2004)
- CAO Section 48.2 (2004)
- CAO Section 48.3 (2004)
- CAO Section 48.4 (2004)
Exemptions and directions
A number of operators are operating subject to an exemption or instrument of direction in relation to the old rules. Operators should have copies of the latest exemption applicable to their operation.
CASA EX48/18 - Extension of CAO 48.0 Instruments Exemption 2018 (PDF 139.75 KB) (Fatigue Omnibus) extends most current industry exemptions from the flight and duty time requirements of CAO Part 48.
Helicopter mustering operators have the option to comply with CASA 28/18 – Flight Time Limitations for Helicopter Mustering Operations – Direction 2018.
Operators conducting aerial application operations in aeroplanes may comply with CASR Subpart 137.Q and are exempt from complying with CAO 48.1 Instrument 2013 under Exemption - Civil Aviation Order 48.1 Instrument 2013 - aerial application operations (in aeroplanes).