Project OS 01/11 - CASR Part 135: Air transport operations -small aeroplanes
Part 135 (small aeroplanes), Part 121 (large aeroplanes) and Part 133 (rotorcraft) of CASR all deal with a range of passenger and/or cargo operations. Part 135 will set the minimum acceptable standards applicable to small aeroplanes that are conducting Australian air transport operations.
- More comprehensive provisions for fuel to be carried, similar to those proposed for large aeroplanes in Part 121; however, with relief for VFR aeroplanes, which will be similar to the requirements of today.
- Adopting the current air charter operations practice of single-engine aircraft operating over water beyond gliding distance (i.e. up to 25 NM from a safe forced landing area). However, in addition to life jackets, the carriage of a life raft will be required in certain circumstances.
- For operations beyond 25 NM from a safe forced landing area when over water, the operator of an Approved Single-Engine Aeroplane (ASEA - formerly ASEPTA) will be required to present to CASA a risk management strategy for consideration and approval in accordance with the standards of Annex 6 to the Chicago Convention.
- Aerodrome requirements under Part 135 will be similar to the requirements under the current regulation 92 of CAR, where it is the operator's responsibility to be satisfied that the aerodrome is suitable as a place from which to take off and land.
- Weight and balance regulations, providing options for operators to determine passenger weights under the AMC concept.
- For single pilot operations, the autopilot will be required to be serviceable prior to commencement of the flight, unless crewed by a second pilot or the aeroplane can be operated in visual meteorological conditions (VMC) by day.
- Introduction of take-off alternate within 60 minutes at the aeroplane's asymmetric cruising speed from the departure aerodrome if the weather at the departure aerodrome is below the landing minima (in accordance with Part 1 of Annex 6 to the Chicago Convention).
- Introduction of a regulation concerning the commencement and continuation of an instrument approach-often referred to as an 'approach ban'-which will prevent the pilot-in-command from continuing an approach beyond the final approach point if the reported visibility or controlling Runway Visual Range (RVR) is continuously less than the minimum specified for the approach.
- The requirement for all aircraft that operate under instrument flight rules (IFR) when carrying 6 or more passengers to be equipped with a Terrain Awareness Warning System class B (TAWS B).
- Obligation for the operator to train their pilots for unique operation and certify them as competent before undertaking unsupervised flights-this will apply to inexperienced pilots as well as those new to an operator (essentially moving away from flight hours as the qualifier and applying a competency based process).
- All flight crew members will be subject to recurrent training and checking requirements, scaled to the nature and complexity of the operation.
- Reintroduction of the requirement for first aid kits in Part 135 aircraft, although the kit need not be an approved type.
This project was approved and announced August 2001.
- Part 135
Project Leader: Dale South
Project Sponsor: Manager, Flight Standards Branch
View the project history.