Notices for flight training organisations and ATOs
5 May 2017
Exemption for low-level rating requirements has been extended
CASA has extended the exemption for low-level rating requirements. The new exemption (CASA 48/17) continues the 24 month flight review rule and the aerial mustering endorsement recent experience requirements.
CASA EX48/17 came into effect on 1 May 2017 and replaces the original exemption CASA EX92/15.
The requirements have not changed, meaning:
- Low-level rating flight reviews are required every 24 months instead of every 12 months
- Aerial mustering pilots conducting mustering operations need to meet recent experience requirements.
View the new exemption (CASA EX48/17) on the Federal Registrar on the Legislation
26 April 2017
New approval instruments for low-level rating and endorsement training and flight tests
CASA has made new approval instruments for certain pilots to conduct flight training, flight tests and grant low-level ratings and endorsements.
The original approvals have been replaced with effect from 15 March 2017. CASA 26/17 repealed the following instruments CASA 289/14; CASA 290/14 and CASA 47/15.
The new approvals ensure previously approved pilots can continue to conduct flight training, test and grant the approvals that were covered by the original approvals. The new approval instruments are:
- CASA 27/17 – authorises certain pilots under regulation 61.040 to conduct a flight test for, and grant, a low-level rating and aeroplane low-level endorsements
- CASA 28/17 – authorises certain pilots under regulation 141.035 to conduct flight training for low-level ratings and endorsements.
- CASA 29/17 – authorises certain pilots under regulation 61.040 to conduct a flight test for, and grant, a low-level rating and a helicopter low-level endorsement.
13 April 2017
Approved testing officer delegations extended for another year
Last year we wrote to approved testing officers (ATOs) and people who had already transitioned to the Flight Examiner Rating (FER) advising that the expiration of existing delegations would be extended for a further year —from 30 June 2016 to 30 June 2017. After that date, ATOs who wanted to continue to carry out flight testing and proficiency checking activities would be required to do so under a FER.
The indemnity arrangements reflected in Civil Aviation Advisory Publication (CAAP) Admin-1 covering ATOs, as CASA industry delegates, were simultaneously extended for the same period. Those arrangements are currently the subject of a comprehensive review and inter-agency discussions. A working group—comprising CASA and the Departments of Infrastructure and Regional Development and Finance—has been established to examine all aspects of the indemnity scheme and the insurance-related considerations that underpin them. It is anticipated the working group will produce a policy paper for public and industry comment by 30 June 2017. The outcome of the exercise will determine whether indemnity arrangements of any kind continue in the future, and if so, the nature and extent of the coverage that might be provided.
In light of the work that still needs to be done, CASA has taken steps to extend the expiration date of existing ATO delegations for a further year – from 30 June 2017 to 30 June 2018. Indemnity coverage for ATOs under CAAP Admin-1 will continue for that further extended period.
This means that ATOs who have not yet surrendered their delegation and obtained a flight examiner rating (FER) under the transition regulations for Part 61 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 in its place do not need to do so immediately, and may continue to perform their functions as ATOs for a further year.
It also means that the indemnity protection offered to all CASA delegates and authorised persons, as set out in Civil Aviation Advisory Publication (CAAP) Admin-1, will continue to apply to ATOs until 30 June 2018.
If you have not yet surrendered your ATO delegation and obtained a FER in its place, and if you want to continue as an ATO for a further year with the benefit of CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection during that period, you don’t need to do anything at this time. Your ATO delegation will continue in force until 30 June 2018.
Approved Testing Officers who have already transitioned to the Flight Examiner Rating
Some people who previously held an ATO delegation will have already transitioned to the FER, and will have lost CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection as a result. The extension arrangements described above do not apply to you as the services provided by flight examiners are no longer CASA functions, but are rather privileges of a rating.
With a view to extending the benefit of CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection to these former ATOs who have already surrendered their delegation and obtained a FER, however, CASA has been trying to develop a legislative amendment that would revive their former ATO delegations.
Ideally, such an amendment would have retrospective effect, so that the CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection would apply to these people from the date on which they surrendered their delegation, and would continue until 30 June 2018. CASA’s ability to introduce such a legislative amendment would depend, in part, on the availability of retrospective insurance coverage, which may be extremely difficult to obtain. Alternative legislative amendments might need to be considered.
Whatever course might be taken, please note that unless and until the legislation is amended, the benefit of CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection does not extend to FER holders who were previously, but are not now, ATOs (delegates).
CASA will ensure that affected former ATOs who now hold FERs are advised if and when the legislation is to be amended, and what further action might need to be taken for them to obtain the retrospective benefit of CAAP Admin-1 protection (if it should be available).
People who have never been an ATO
People who were not ATOs prior to 1 September 2014 (when the CASR Part 61 FER was introduced) and who applied for a FER or a corresponding CASR 61.040 approval any time after 1 September 2014 are not, and will not become, ATOs under either of the arrangements described above.
Holders of, and applicants for, a FER or a corresponding CASR 61.040 approval who have never been an ATO do not have, and will not be eligible for, CAAP Admin-1 indemnity under the arrangements described above.
However, whether, and if so to what extent, some kind of indemnity protection might extend to FER holders who have never been ATOs is a question to be considered by the tri-agency working group.
6 February 2017
Part 61 Solutions Taskforce releases closure report
The Part 61 Solutions Taskforce, established in November 2015 to address valid issues with the flight crew licensing suite of regulations, has released its final report.
The report summarises the work of the Taskforce and the Industry Advisory Panel (IAP) over 11 months.
13 December 2016
Changes to list of type ratings that Part 141 operators can conduct flight training for
A new edition of the Prescription - type ratings for CASR Part 142 flight training (Edition 5) legislative instrument has been published.
Under Part 61 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations, pilots are required to hold aircraft class or pilot type ratings and meet other requirements (such as flight reviews and differences training) depending on the type of aircraft being operated. These details are included in the Prescription of aircraft and ratings instrument.
Changes to this instrument are routinely made when new aircraft are added to the Australian civil aircraft register (or removed as the last of their type), and where amendments are made to the models that pilots need to undertake differences training to operate.
The changes to the instrument can be reviewed in the attached guidance only version of the instrument.
View the amended instrument on the Federal Register of Legislation website.
25 November 2016
New approval authorises certain aeroplane operators to conduct training for the grant of the aeroplane firefighting endorsement
CASA has made a regulation 141.035 approval (CASA 119/16) on 22 November 2016.
The approval is a temporary solution to facilitate training in this critical area while operators begin the transition into the new flight training operator rules over the next two years.
The approval is for operators that have been conducting firebombing operations over the last three years and for the chief pilot or a nominated senior pilot to conduct the training. CASA has developed a sample training course for operators to use. The syllabus includes aeronautical knowledge and practical flight training. At the completion of the training, the operator is required to provide the trainee with a course completion certificate, and notify CASA that the endorsement has been granted.
View CASA 119/16 on the CASA website.
3 November 2016
Part 141 Sample Operations Manual guidance for operators who don’t just conduct flight training activities
A new licensing information sheet has now been published to explain how the Part 141 Sample Operations Manual template can be used by operators who conduct flight training and other commercial flight operations.
The information sheet steps these operators through the various ways they can use the template to develop or adapt their own operations manuals, and builds on the package of guidance material already produced to make it easier for flying training organisations to transition to new rules.
The information sheet covers:
- what the Part 141 Sample Operations Manual is and who can use it
- how to develop a stand-alone flight training operations manual based on the Part 141 Sample Operations Manual template
- how to develop a new, combined operations manual covering all activities
- how to integrate Part 141 flight training information into an existing operations manual.
It also provides step-by-step instructions on how operators can adapt or use the template, depending on which option they choose.
1 November 2016
Changes to the list of type ratings that Part 141 operators can conduct flight training for
A new edition of the Prescription - type ratings for CASR Part 142 flight training (Edition 4) legislative instrument has been published.
Under Part 61 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR), to obtain a type rating, pilots are required to complete flight training conducted under Part 142. However, CASA can prescribe particular aircraft type ratings in an instrument made under regulation 142.045 which makes flight training for that type a Part 141 flight training activity. Operators need to hold a Part 141 certificate including the type rating in the list of authorised activities to conduct flight training for the types listed on the instrument. A regulation 141.035 approval can also be used to authorise the training.
Edition 4 adds the following aircraft type ratings to the instrument:
- Consolidated Vultee (Convair) 340 and 440
- DH 4 Caribou
- Douglas DC3 and C47
- Lockheed Neptune and L1049 series.
Changes have also been made to the differences training listed for the Metro and Merlin type ratings, in line with the update made to the Part 61 Prescription of aircraft and ratings (Edition 2) instrument on 22 September 2016.
View the amended instrument on the Federal Register of Legislation website.
6 October 2016
Changes to aircraft ratings
A new edition of the Prescription of aircraft and ratings (Edition 2) legislative instrument has been published.
Under Part 61 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations, pilots are required to hold aircraft class or pilot type ratings and meet other requirements (such as flight reviews and differences training) depending on the type of aircraft being operated. These details are included in the Prescription of aircraft and ratings instrument.
Changes to this instrument are routinely made when new aircraft are added to the Australian civil aircraft register (or removed as the last of their type), and where amendments are made to the models that pilots need to undertake differences training to operate.
The changes to the instrument can be reviewed in the attached guidance only version of the instrument.
28 September 2016
A new exemption has been made for instructor rating gap training for instructors to conduct basic instrument flight training
The Part 61 Solutions Taskforce has been working on a solution to authorise flight instructors to conduct basic instrument flight training (BIFT).
As a result, CASA has published a new exemption - CASA EX143/16. This exemption allows flight instructors with a grade 3, 2 or 1 training endorsement, who aren’t currently authorised, to complete BIFT gap training and an assessment with an appropriately authorised flight instructor. A sample training course has been developed by CASA and is now available for use by operators.
At the successful completion of the gap training and assessment the instructor will be authorised to conduct BIFT.
The flight instructor and the Part 141 or Part 42 flight training operator conducting the gap training do not need an authorisation to conduct instructor rating training. However, the flight instructor needs to hold a grade 1 training endorsement for the same aircraft category and be authorised to conduct BIFT. The flight training operator needs to be authorised to conduct RPL, PPL or CPL flight training.
A course completion certificate will be by the Part 141 or 142 operator that conducts the training to show evidence that the trainee is now authorised to conduct BIFT in accordance with the exemption.
View the exemption (CASA EX143/16) on the Federal Register of Legislation website.
8 September 2016
New exemptions defers the implementation of the flight examiner rating proficiency check and professional development requirements
The Part 61 Solutions Taskforce has been working on a better way to manage the Flight Examiner Rating Proficiency Check (EPC) and Professional Development Program (PDP) requirements.
As a result, CASA has published two new exemptions - one each for EPC (CASA EX133/16) and PDP (CASA EX134/16). The exemptions introduce a schedule that will spread the demand for EPC’s and PDP’s over the two year cycle, commencing 1 July 2017.
The exemptions will defer the requirements for completing an EPC and a PDP until an applicable date - a person’s month and year of their birthdate - between 1 July 2017 and June 2019. They do not apply to examiners who have completed an EPC or PDP since 1 September 2014 or to the holders of regulation 61.040 approvals.
19 August 2016
New guidance material for Part 142 flying training organisations
CASA has released a range of guidance material to make it easier for flying training organisations to apply for Part 142 authorisations, or to transition to new rules by 31 August 2018. This includes:
- a new, alternative Part 142 Sample Exposition (Microsoft Word Version) and guide
- CASR Part 142 technical assessor handbook Version 2.0
- a new integrated commercial pilot licence training plan
- Information sheets explaining how to transition to the new rules, how to develop an exposition and guidance on integrated training.
CASA sought feedback from a range of industry representatives in developing the Part 142 sample exposition and guidance material. This included seeking input from relevant Part 61 Solutions Taskforce members.
12 August 2016
New licensing information sheet explains the air transport pilot licence flight test
A new licensing information sheet covering the air transport pilot licence (ATPL) flight test has now been published.
The information sheet is designed to provide greater guidance around the ATPL flight test requirement, which was introduced in September 2014 under the Part 61 Civil Aviation Safety Regulations.
It covers a range of topics including:
- why the ATPL flight test requirement was introduced
- what an ATPL flight test involves
- who can conduct an ATPL flight test
- combining an ATPL flight test and an instrument rating test or proficiency check
- multi-crew cooperation training requirements
- converting a foreign ATPL.
The information sheet also answers questions about undertaking an ATPL flight test in a flight simulator and arrangements for taking ATPL flight tests outside Australia.
View the information sheet.
5 July 2016
Part 61 Solutions Taskforce extended to address remaining priority issues
CASA’s Part 61 Solutions Taskforce has been extended until 30 September 2016 so that additional guidance material can be produced for the aviation community and remaining priority issues can be resolved.
The Taskforce was formed in November 2015 to deliver solutions to valid issues associated with the flight crew licensing regulations (Parts 61, 64, 141 and 142). The remit of the Taskforce was to ensure that known or likely safety risks continued to be effectively addressed, that unnecessary costs were not imposed on the aviation community, and that the rules did not unnecessarily hinder participation or the potential for industry growth.
An Industry Advisory Panel – comprising representatives from a range of aviation industry sectors – was also formed to test CASA’s proposed solutions and provide input on proposals.
The Taskforce was originally established with a nominal completion date of 30 June 2016, but with the acknowledgement that the final end date would be determined by the full delivery of solutions to critical items on the flight crew licensing regulations issues register
In its seven and half months of operation, the Taskforce has worked to deliver an extensive range of solutions and materials. To date these include instruments and exemptions that:
- extended the deadline for flight training organisations to transition to new rules
- introduced more flexible ways for pilots to meet multi-crew cooperation (MCC) training requirements, and clarified the standards for MCC training in aeroplanes
- relaxed some air transport pilot licence (ATPL) requirements
- provided a pathway for aerial agriculture rating holders to conduct firefighting operations
- provided clarity for the mustering sector on who can teach an examine mustering endorsements
- provided relief for pilots who operate single-pilot turbojets
- changed the instrument rating and ATPL flight test standards
- changed the commercial pilot licence and ATPL aeronautical knowledge examinations window from two to three years for people who passed
- relaxed the requirements and provided alternative ways for pilots to meet flight review and instrument proficiency check requirements.
In addition, the Taskforce has produced a range of guidance material designed to make it easier for industry to transition to new rules. This has included a Part 141 Sample Operations Manual, new syllabuses to help flight training organisations develop their courses, and a range of new information sheets designed to provide more accessible overviews of transition and regulatory requirements.
The Taskforce is currently finalising similar guidance for Part 142 flying training organisations, including a Part 142 Sample Exposition and supporting material. The Taskforce is also developing a range of other guidance for the aviation community such as the Flight Examiner Rating Course and Flight Examiner Handbook update.
Industry Advisory Panel members last met as a group on Friday, 1 July, to take stock of progress so far and negotiate on the next set of priorities for the Taskforce. The Panel has agreed to continue in its current form until the Taskforce winds down in 30 September, with future arrangements to be determined after that date.
Over the coming months, CASA will continue engaging with the aviation community to resolve remaining issues, including those relating to flight reviews, mustering, the multi-engine helicopter class, flight instructor training endorsements, flight tests, aerial agriculture, azimuth guidance and the ATPL flight test. Revisions to the Part 61 Manual of Standards are also being finalised.
It is anticipated that a Notice of Proposed Rule Making for the amendments to the flight crew licensing regulations will be released by the end of 2016. The amendments are designed to give permanent effect to the interim solutions that have been delivered to the aviation community via exemptions and other instruments of approval. CASA will continue to publish fortnightly updates to keep the aviation community up to date with the work of the Taskforce.
1 July 2016
Changes to flight review and instrument proficiency rules are now in effect.
21 June 2016
Approved testing officer delegations extended for one year
Approved testing officers (ATOs) will be aware that their delegations to perform ATO functions are currently due to expire on 30 June 2016. After this date, people who wanted to continue to carry out those activities would be expected to do so under a flight examiner rating (FER).
In response to the concerns expressed by members of the industry about the insurance-related implications of this change, CASA has decided to extend the expiration date of current ATOs for a further year - from 30 June 2016 to 30 June 2017.
This means that ATOs who have not yet surrendered their delegation and obtained a FER under Part 61 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR) in its place do not need to do so immediately, and may continue to perform their functions as ATOs for a further year.
It also means that the indemnity protection offered to all CASA delegates and authorised persons, as set out in Civil Aviation Advisory Publication (CAAP) Admin-1, will continue to apply to ATOs until 30 June 2017.
If you have not yet surrendered your ATO delegation and obtained a flight examiner rating, and if you want to continue as an ATO for a further year with the benefit of CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection during that period, you don’t need to do anything at this time. Your ATO delegation will continue in force until 30 June 2017.
New flight crew licensing regulations commenced on 1 September 2014 and introduced a new authorisation called a flight examiner rating (FER). As a privilege of the FER, people who were ATOs could continue to conduct essentially the same activities they were authorised to conduct as ATOs. ATOs are delegates of CASA. FER holders are not, and only delegates and authorised persons are eligible for CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection.
ATO delegations were due to expire on 30 June 2016, when most ATOs who wanted to continue performing those functions were to have transitioned to the FER. As CASA would not be indemnifying FER holders, it would be the responsibility of FER holders to obtain their own insurance coverage from 1 July 2016.
Approved testing officers who have already transitioned to the flight examiner rating
Some people who previously held an ATO delegation will have already transitioned to the FER, and will have lost CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection as a result. The extension arrangements described above do not apply to these people, many of whom will have made arrangements to obtain their own insurance coverage.
With a view to extending the benefit of CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection to these former ATOs who have already surrendered their delegation and obtained a FER, however, CASA is proposing a legislative amendment. This amendment would revive their former ATO delegations.
The amendment is intended to have retrospective effect, so that the CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection would apply to these people from the date on which they surrendered their delegation, and would continue until 30 June 2017.
Please note that until the legislation has been amended, FER holders who were previously ATOs are not now ATOs (delegates), and the benefit of CAAP Admin-1 indemnity protection has not yet been extended to these people.
CASA will ensure that affected former ATOs who now hold FERs are advised when the legislation is amended, and what further action may need to be taken so they can obtain the retrospective benefit of CAAP Admin-1 protection.
More information about these arrangements will be provided soon.
People who have never been an ATO
People who were not ATOs prior to 1 September 2014 (when the CASR Part 61 FER was introduced) and who applied for a FER at any time after 1 September 2014 are not, and will not become, ATOs under either of the arrangements described above.
FER holders and applicants who have never been an ATO do not have, and will not be eligible for, CAAP Admin-1 indemnity under these arrangements.
While it sensible to do so, there is no requirement in the civil aviation legislation for the holder of an FER to obtain insurance coverage. CASA recommends you make your own enquiries and obtain independent advice on any matter regarding such coverage.
Between now and 30 June 2017, CASA will continue to consider and consult with relevant stakeholders about the nature and extent of indemnity protection for FERs in the future.
Flight review changes
Under Part 61, pilots need to have a valid flight review for each aircraft rating. That means pilots flying a class-rated aircraft need to have a valid flight review for that class rating and, if the same pilot flies a type-rated aircraft, they need to have a valid flight review for that type rating.
The new exemption will simplify the flight review requirements, and for some pilots reduce the number of flight reviews they need to complete. Pilots will only need to complete a flight review that was conducted in an aircraft of the same category within the previous two years. If it is a multi-engine aircraft, the flight review must have been done in a multi-engine aircraft of the same category. The flight review rules already recognise other activities that pilots complete such as flight tests, proficiency checks and certain training, all of which satisfy the flight review requirement. The same rules apply under the exemption.
For example, a pilot completing an instrument rating proficiency check in a multi-engine helicopter would have a valid flight review for all helicopters, without having to do a separate helicopter flight review in a single-engine class-rated helicopter (please note there no changes to the R22/R44 biennial flight review requirement).
Flight reviews for the low-level, private IFR and night VFR operational ratings remain unchanged.
Instrument proficiency check changes
Under Part 61, to exercise the privileges of an instrument rating, pilots need to have completed an instrument proficiency check (IPC) in the previous 12 months – regulation 61.880. To exercise the privileges of a pilot type-rating under the instrument flight rules (IFR), pilots need to have completed an IPC in an aircraft covered by the type-rating aircraft in the previous 24 months – regulation 61.805. For type-rated single-pilot turbojet aeroplanes, the IPC needs to have been done in an aircraft covered by the type-rating as a single-pilot operation in the previous 12 months.
The exemption doesn’t change the annual instrument rating IPC requirement when it comes into effect on 1 July. Pilots still have to complete an annual IPC that was conducted in an aircraft of the same category, and to fly a multi-engine aircraft under the IFR, the IPC must have been done in a multi-engine aircraft of the same category.
However, under the exemption, instead of having a valid IPC for a type rating, pilots will only need to have completed an IPC in the previous 24 months that is relevant to the aircraft being flown. There are three safety criteria: whether the aircraft is type-rated, whether it is multi-crew certificated, and whether it is a turbojet aeroplane to be flown single-pilot.
Further information for the aviation community is currently being developed in preparation for both the flight review and instrument proficiency check changes, and will be available via the CASA website from 1 July. This will include revised information sheets, an updated CASR Part 61 Licence Instruction Guide and tables to help pilots determine which aircraft they should undertake their IPCs in.
7 June 2016
CASR Part 61 aeronautical knowledge examinations and two year completion period
With the introduction of Part 61 and the change from the three year to the two year sliding window for the completion of all subject examinations for a licence, any subject examination passed before 1 September 2014 would no longer be available as a credit for licensing purposes.
CASA has published an exemption (CASA EX86/16) that applies a three year window pass standard for the CPL and ATPL examination for a person who passed one of the subject examinations for the CPL or ATPL prior to 1 September 2014.
As a result, licence applicants must have passed at least one of the subject examinations for the licence which are outlined in Schedule 4 of the Part 61 Manual of Standards, before 1 September 2014, and passed all of the seven subject examinations within a period of three years.
Under CASA EX86/16 a person would be exempt from the following, only to the extent of satisfying the two year pass standard rule:
- the need to have passed the aeronautical knowledge examination requirement outlined in subparagraph 61.160 (b) (i) for the grant of a CPL or ATPL, whichever is applicable
- the requirement to pass the aeronautical knowledge examination identified in paragraph 61.580 (2) (a) or 61.700 (3) (a) for the CPL or ATPL as applicable.
The exemption will expire on 31 August 2017 when all examinations that were passed before 1 September 2014 would be older than three years and therefore no longer be available for the purposes of an examination credit.
25 May 2016
Changes to instrument rating and ATPL flight test standards
Changes are being made to the flight test standards for instrument ratings and aeroplane and helicopter air transport pilot licences (ATPLs). The changes are being made to address an issue arising from the Airservices Australia Navigation Rationalisation Project when, on 26 May 2016, 181 navigation aids will be decommissioned.
The related flight test standards will be amended in Schedule 5 of the Part 61 Manual of Standards. In particular, changes will be made to Appendices K.1 – ATPL(A), K.2 – ATPL(H) and M.1 – instrument rating.
The amendment will remove the requirement for applicants to demonstrate competency conducting an instrument approach operation using azimuth guidance. This change is necessary as many non-directional beacons (NDBs) won’t be available and many aircraft are not equipped to display data on an azimuth guidance indicator, other than an automatic direction finder (ADF).
Pilots are reminded of the 90 day recent experience rule contained in subregulation 61.870(6) for conducting instrument approaches using azimuth guidance. They should also be aware of the general rule contained in subregulation 61.860(5) for conducting an instrument approach operation using a particular kind of procedure such as an NDB. Together, these rules make sure pilots are competent using azimuth guidance indicators and conducting NDB approach procedures.
CASA expects the amendment to the Part 61 Manual of Standards will be made before 26 May.
Visit the Airservices Australia website to find out more about the navigation rationalisation project.
11 May 2016
More guidance for on the way for flying training organisations
CASA is currently working to produce a package of guidance material to help Part 142 flying training organisations transition to new rules by August 2018. This follows the recent release of similar guidance for Part 141 operators.
Part 142 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations covers the rules relating to structured flying training activities that lead to the issue of multi-crew pilot, air transport pilot and flight engineer licences. It also provides the regulatory framework for flight training for complex aircraft type ratings and multi-crew cooperation, and for contracted flight crew recurrent training and checking.
Under the regulations, flying training organisations who want to be authorised under Part 142 need to develop and maintain a safety management system, a training management system and an exposition, as well as nominate a safety manager. To help operators meet these requirements, CASA will be publishing a series of guidance documents and tools including a sample exposition, technical assessor’s handbook and worksheet and information sheets.
The sample exposition will suit organisations that want to address the requirements in a single document, rather than as a suite of documents. It will include a sample training management system, internal training and checking system, safety management system gap analysis template and implementation plan.
The Part 142 sample exposition will be based on a fictitious operator (‘Sample Aviation Pty Ltd’) who already conducts Part 141 activities and has developed an operations manual using the Part 141 Sample Operations Manual as a guide. Sample Aviation has grown and expanded its business, and now needs to develop a Part 142 exposition. Sample Aviation will be operating a number of single engine aircraft and a twin engine aircraft, and staff numbers have increased to approximately 15 employees. In addition to their Part 141 training, Sample Aviation will be offering full-time integrated training to a commercial pilot licence standard.
The sample exposition will serve as an easy-to-tailor template for operators who are conducting similar activities to the Sample Aviation profile, and will also provide a useful starting point for those who undertake more complex operations. The new material is expected to be available in mid-2016.
Part 141 guidance package nearing completion
CASA is also in the process of wrapping up the suite of materials available for Part 141 operators, with a sample syllabus just released for non-integrated helicopter commercial pilot licence training and a sample syllabus for the helicopter private pilot licence also recently published. These syllabuses may be used by flight training organisations who are transitioning to Part 141, or new entrants who commence training to the Part 61 Manual of Standards. Find out more and access the syllabuses.
The Part 141 guidance package includes a sample operations manual and guide, technical assessor’s handbook and worksheet, instructions for CASA staff on conducting assessments, sample flying training syllabuses and an information sheet. The package will be complete once the sample syllabus for the aeroplane commercial pilot licence has been finalised.
15 April 2016
New sample syllabus for flying training organisations
CASA has released a new sample syllabus for use by flying training organisations who conduct training for the private pilot licence (helicopters).
The new syllabus adds to the suite of guidance material already developed for flying training organisations which includes sample syllabuses for recreational and private pilot licences (aeroplanes), the multi-engine (aeroplane) class rating and the single-engine aeroplane night visual flight rules endorsement.
The sample syllabuses are designed to make it easier for flying training organisations to develop their course material, and demonstrate one way of mapping the standards contained in the Part 61 Manual of Standards into a course format.
CASA is also currently developing a sample syllabus for the commercial pilot licence (aeroplanes and helicopters) and will advise the aviation community when this is available.
23 March 2016
New guidance material for Part 141 flying training organisations
CASA has developed a range of guidance material to make it easier for flying training organisations to transition to new rules by 31 August 2018. This includes:
- a Part 141 Sample Operations Manual
- a guide to using the Part 141 Sample Operations Manual
- the Part 141 technical assessor’s handbook (including worksheet), along with instructions for CASA staff on conducting assessments
- sample flying training syllabuses
- a Part 141 transition information sheet
- instructions on customising the Part 141 Sample Operations Manual.
The Part 141 Sample Operations Manual is designed for operators who conduct non-complex flying training activities, and provides a basic template which will require minimal tailoring to reflect the circumstances of individual organisations. It will also serve as a useful starting point for operators who undertake more complex Part 141 activities.
17 March 2016
Instrument proficiency checks for single-pilot turbojet aeroplanes
As a result of discussions with the aviation community and further consideration of the equivalent requirements in the US under FAR 61.58 a new exemption (CASA EX41/16) has been published to relax the instrument proficiency check (IPC) requirements for single-pilot turbojet aeroplanes from 12 months to 24 months.
There is, however, still a requirement for the pilot to have completed an IPC in a single-pilot turbojet aeroplane covered by any type rating within the previous 12 months.
Prior to the introduction of Part 61, pilots conducting IFR operations as pilot-in-command were required to complete an instrument rating renewal in an aircraft covered by the instrument rating. For example, to operate a multi-engine aeroplane under the IFR, the pilot was required to have a current command (multi-engine aeroplane) grade of instrument rating. No type-specific renewals were required except where they were needed to meet operational requirements. The rating authorised the holder to conduct a flight under the IFR in any multi-engine or single-engine aeroplane. The same principle applied to helicopters.
Part 61 introduced new requirements for pilots operating type-rated aircraft under the IFR. Those requirements meant:
- a pilot must have completed, within the previous 24 months, an IPC conducted in an aircraft covered by the type rating and
- for single-pilot turbojet aeroplanes, a pilot must have completed, within the previous 12 months, an IPC in an aircraft covered by the type rating.
The additional requirement for single-pilot turbojet aeroplanes was based on the safety concerns associated with operating complex, high performance aeroplanes under the IFR.
Stan is the holder of an instrument rating with a multi-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement as well as the IAP2D and IAP3D endorsements. He has a C525(SP) type rating and regularly flies C525-CJ and C525A –CJ2 Citation Jets single pilot. As well, he has a EA500(SP) type rating and flies an Eclipse 500. Stan regularly flies each aircraft single-pilot under the IFR and plans to continue doing so.
The Rule: to exercise the privileges of an aircraft type rating under the IFR, Stan must have a current instrument proficiency check (IPC) for the aircraft type rating. If the aircraft is a single-pilot turbojet aeroplane, then the IPC must have been done within the previous 12 months; otherwise within the previous 24 months. The IPC must be done in an aircraft that is covered by the type rating.
For the C525(SP) type rating, he can do the IPC in either Citation Jet. If later on, he does the differences training and flies the C525-CJ1+, he could do the IPC in that aircraft too – they all count as being an IPC for the C525(SP) type rating.
Before the exemption: Since Stan was flying both types of Citation Jets and the Eclipse 500 single-pilot IFR, prior to the exemption he was required to successfully complete an IPC for the C525(SP) and the EA500(SP) type ratings within the previous 12 months. That meant Stan needed to successfully complete two single-pilot turbojet IPCs each year.
After the exemption: The exemption means Stan doesn’t need to successfully complete an IPC for the C525(SP) and EA500(SP) type ratings every 12 months. However, he will need to successfully complete an IPC in one of the single-pilot turbojet aeroplanes covered by the type ratings every 12 months. Like all other type rated aircraft, Stan will need to successfully complete an IPC for each type rating —for example, the C525(SP) and the EA500(SP) - every 24 months.
Stan would be able to continue to operate the Citation Jets and the Eclipse if he alternates his annual IPCs between the two type ratings.
5 February 2016
Flight instructor ratings for approved aerial mustering training pilots
Work is underway to ensure aerial mustering flight training and testing continues smoothly during the flight crew licensing regulations transition period.
To assist with this process, two instruments (CASA 289/14 and CASA 290/14) enable Civil Aviation Order (CAO) 29.10 approved training pilots to continue exercising their privileges during the Part 61 transition period (please note these instruments are currently due to expire on 31 August 2017, however CASA expects them to be extended for a further 12 months to 31 August 2018).
Under the flight crew licensing transitional arrangements, pilots who held CAO 29.10 approvals are taken to be flight instructors with a low-level rating training endorsement for the relevant category, and can continue exercising the privileges of the instructor rating until 31 August 2017 and until 31 August 2018 once the policies are extended.
While these pilots are not required to pass any examinations during the transition period, they do need to undertake instructor rating proficiency checks.
Eligible pilots can apply to have this authorisation included on their new Part 61 flight crew licence. You will simply need to provide the required evidence to CASA when you submit form 61-9TX (Recognition and transfer of CAR 5 qualifications under CASR Part 61 and CASR Part 202.261). You can access the form as a PDF, or via CASA Self Service.
Find out more about applying for your Part 61 flight crew licence.
If you have already converted to a Part 61 licence and want to request the addition of a flight instructor rating, you will need to complete form 61-9LR (Notification of licence document resolution) and submit it to CASA. You can access the form as a PDF, or via CASA Self Service.
22 January 2016
Changes to air transport pilot licensing requirements
A new exemption (CASA EX222/15) has been published which relaxes two of the air transport pilot licence (ATPL) requirements prescribed by the flight crew licensing regulations (Part 61).
Knowledge deficiency reports
Under the current rules, ATPL applicants are required to have their knowledge deficiency reports cleared before they can undertake an ATPL flight test. If a candidate hasn’t achieved 100 per cent in an examination, their knowledge must be assessed by a flight examiner or flight instructor before they can undertake the flight test.
Given that a candidate may have completed their exams several years before they apply for an ATPL flight test, this requirement is considered impractical. The flight test process includes a check of the candidate’s general ATPL knowledge and that is considered sufficient. To reduce the burden on both applicants and examiners, knowledge deficiency reports no longer need to be signed off before a candidate undertakes an ATPL flight test.
Recognition of overseas licences
A person who holds an overseas ATPL and wants to obtain an Australian ATPL is currently required to provide written certification that they are competent in accordance with the standards prescribed in the Part 61 Manual of Standards. The aviation community has advised CASA that this requirement is both difficult to comply with and unnecessary for licensing purposes. As a result, the exemption removes the need for written certification to be provided.
Both of these changes will be incorporated into future flight crew licensing regulatory amendments.
22 January 2016
Update to multi-crew cooperation (MCC) training requirements exemption
A new MCC training requirements exemption (CASA EX225/15) has been published, replacing CASA EX192/15 that was made on 17 November 2015.
The new exemption does the following.
- Clarifies the exemption for former Australian Defence Force pilots who are applying for an air transport pilot licence (clause 5).
- Removes the separate MCC training course requirement for the holders of multi-crew pilot licences, as MCC training is already included in the multi-crew pilot licence training course (clause 7).
- Removes the reference to holding a multi-pilot type rating in clause 11 as it is not required.
- Clarifies the provision to have successfully completed operator proficiency checks (clause 4) to be checks in multi-crew operations.
Allows more people to endorse the logbook and other document evidence which is required in Schedule 2 of the exemption. In addition to the head of flying operations of the relevant air operator’s certificate (AOC) holder, the head of training and checking of the AOC holder and a flight examiner can endorse the records.
23 December 2015
Instructor rating flight test exemptions
CASA has published new exemptions against certain requirements for flight instructors in relation to ratings and endorsements that were granted incorrectly between 1 September 2014 and 22 December 2015.
The exemptions have been made to permit flight instructors who, inadvertently, didn’t meet all the requirements for the grant of the rating and, in some cases, Grade 3, 2 and 1 training endorsements (aeroplane) to continue to conduct flight training.
There are four exemptions.
- CASA EX 215/15 and CASA EX 218/15 are for flight instructors who obtained a flight instructor rating without having passed the pilot instructor rating knowledge examination (PIRC) prior to taking the instructor rating flight test.
- CASA EX 214/15 and CASA EX 219/15 are for flight instructors who obtained a Grade 3 training endorsement (aeroplane) without holding a spinning flight activity endorsement at the time the endorsement was granted. These exemptions also apply to Grade 2 or 1 training endorsements (aeroplane) which those instructors have subsequently obtained.
Flight instructors referred to above need to pass the PIRC theory examination and/or obtain a spinning flight activity endorsement before 1 April 2016 to avoid losing the rating and having to complete the instructor rating flight test again.
Important conditions apply to all four exemptions.
CASA EX 214/15 and CASA EX 215/15 allow instructors to continue conducting flight training until 31 March 2016, although conditions apply.
If you want to take advantage of CASA EX 214/15 or CASA EX215/15 you need to email CASA at firstname.lastname@example.org and include:
- your name and ARN
- the name of the organisation or organisations you conduct flying training for
- confirmation that you have notified your Chief Flying Instructor or Head of Operations you are using the exemption.
If required, CASA EX 218/15 and CASA EX219/15 will enable CASA to re-grant your instructor rating and training endorsements without you having to take the instructor rating flight test again (conditions apply).
If you want to take advantage of CASA EX 218/15 and CASA EX219/15 you need to email CASA at email@example.com and include:
- your name and ARN
- details of when you completed the instructor rating and subsequent endorsement flight tests
- details of when you passed the PIRC examination and/or obtained the spinning flight activity endorsement
- a request, on the basis of the exemption, for CASA to re-grant you a flight instructor rating and (if appropriate) training endorsements
- acknowledgement that your next instructor rating proficiency check will be due based on the flight tests you have already done, as the due date is not affected by these exemptions.
The following conditions apply if you don’t have the spinning flight activity endorsement:
- you must not permit a pilot under flight instruction to manipulate the aeroplane controls during any of the following manoeuvres:
- a short field landing or short field take-off
- a maximum obstacle clearance take-off and climb
- a steep turn
- a stall or an approach to a stall
- except during normal take-off and landing manoeuvres, you must immediately take control of the aeroplane if at any time the aeroplane drops below 1.3Vs speed for the configuration at the time, or the angle of attach approaches the stalling angle.
The exemptions will expire on 31 March 2016, by which time all relevant flight instructor rating holders will be expected to have passed the PIRC theory examination and/or have the spinning flight activity endorsements added to their Part 61 licences to avoid having their rating invalidated.
View the exemptions on the Federal Register of Legislation website.
10 November 2015
Transition period for flying training organisations extended to 31 August 2018
CASA has announced a 12 month extension for flying training organisations to transition to new aviation rules.
Organisations who were undertaking flying training activities before 1 September 2014 will now have until 31 August 2018 to transition to the new rules, contained in Parts 141 and 142 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations.
The extension will give CASA more time to provide the aviation community with additional support through the provision of improved guidance material, sample manuals and example syllabuses to minimise costs associated with transition.
During the extended transition CASA will continue to address valid issues associated with the new Flight Crew Licensing suite and will provide the aviation community with greater knowledge and understanding around the new rule set.
CASA will continue working with flying training organisations to help facilitate a smooth transition before 31 August 2018. Flying training organisations may anticipate being contacted personally by their respective CASA Regional Office to discuss transition arrangements in the coming weeks.
Find out more about the transition process.
28 October 2015
ATPL flight tests - updated
Following the commencement of new flight crew licensing regulations on 1 September 2014, pilots who want to gain an air transport pilot licence (ATPL) Notices for flight training organisations and ATOs must now complete a flight test (in addition to meeting other requirements).
Any pilot who wants to complete the test should contact CASA's Training and Checking team to ensure they receive accurate information about the requirements they need to meet. In the first instance prospective applicants should make themselves familiar with Part 61.Subpart K (Air Transport Licences) and the Part 61 Manual of Standards coverage of the ATPL flight test for either helicopters or aeroplanes (refer to Appendix K to Schedule 5 of the Manual of Standards).
Because the ATPL flight test is a new requirement, CASA Flight Training Examiners will be available to conduct – or facilitate - these tests while industry delegates transition to gaining the required privileges and the tests are built in to industry training and checking programs.
CASA Flight Training Examiners will either conduct the tests, or work closely with CASA flying operations inspectors or industry Approved Testing Officers (ATO) to conduct them.
ATOs seeking authorisation to conduct ATPL flight tests for either helicopters or aeroplanes will need to meet the requirements of Civil Aviation Safety Regulation (CASR) Part 61 for the ATPL flight test endorsement, as well as the experience requirements outlined on CASA Form 61-FEA (Applications for CASR 61.040 Approval Privileges of a Flight Examiner Rating).
In addition to working with ATOs who want to conduct ATPL flight tests, the Training and Checking Team can also work with helicopter or aeroplane operators who want to build the ATPL flight test into their simulator or aircraft training and checking programs.
Because adaptation of existing test profiles can take some time, the Training and Checking Team can work with operators to determine how tests will be conducted, and by whom.
For example, for an ATPL test for either helicopters or aeroplanes a CASA Flight Training Examiner could conduct the test in a simulator with an operator's instructor or examiner running the IOS. In an aircraft test, a CASA Flight Training Examiner or Flying Operations Inspector could conduct the test from the observer seat, with the operator's examiner in the control seat.
For a helicopters or aeroplanes without an observers seat, CASA could either observe the test from a suitable passenger seat or issue an approval under 61.040 for the approved testing officer to conduct the test without a CASA inspector or examiner on board.
If you have any questions about completing an ATPL flight test, gaining ATPL flight testing privileges or building the ATPL flight test into a training and checking program, please contact CASA's Training and Checking team.
21 October 2015
Applying for an approval to conduct type rating training
On 30 September 2015 amendments were made to the instrument that prescribes the type-rated aircraft a Part 141 operator can provide training for.
The revised instrument significantly expands the list of relevant aircraft types, and provides an opportunity for approved individuals and flying training organisations to request an approval to resume training they were able to conduct prior to 1 September 2014 under a Civil Aviation Regulation (CAR) 5.21 approval.
If you would like to apply for approval to resume this training, please contact your local CASA regional office to discuss the process.
Generally, if you held a CAR 5.21 before 1 September 2014 your regional office will issue you with a 141.035 instrument with an expiry date of 31 August 2017. No further assessment will be required, as this would have been conducted when you were issued with the initial approval. Please note that to continue conducting flying training beyond 1 September 2017 you will need to transition to a Part 141 certificate. Find out more about this process.
If, before 1 September 2014, you were an independent flying instructor engaged in what is now known as type rating training, the application process will be different. Your local CASA regional office will work with you to:
- assess your proposed syllabus of training
- assess your qualifications, experience, recency and knowledge
- check that you are aware of any flight crew licensing regulation requirements that are relevant to the training you plan to conduct (such as record-keeping and Part 61 flight test standards)
- consider whether you need to undergo a flight instructor proficiency check or whether CASA needs to observe a sequence of training as part of the approval process - this will depend on whether CASA has previously been involved in any checking relating to the approval you are requesting.
If your application is successful, CASA may issue you with a 141.035 approval with an expiry date of 31 August 2017. If you want to continue conducting flying training beyond this date you will need to transition to a Part 141 certificate. Find out more about this process.
4 August 2015
Changes for Part 141 and Part 142 operators adding new types of aircraft to their training fleet
CASA has issued an exemption to make it easier for operators to add new types of aircraft to their training fleets. The exemption will also remove any doubt about when operators need to apply the significant change process and obtain CASA’s approval.
The exemption has been issued to resolve an unintended consequence of the flight crew licensing regulations which arose due to the definition of kinds of aircraft as it was applied in Parts 141 and 142.
The exemption applies the same criteria that were used under the old regulations when operators wanted to add a new type of aircraft. That means a ‘significant’ change is only triggered when an operator plans to add a new type of aircraft that is one of the following:
- a type rated aircraft
- a variant model of a type that is used by the operator which requires differences training
- an aircraft covered by a class rating, being the first aircraft of that class to be used by the operator for Part 141 or Part 142 training
- a type of aircraft that is covered by a class rating but requires initial type specific training and a flight review
- a pressurised aircraft
- a turbine-engined aircraft.
Please note operators will still have to update their Exposition or Operations Manual to include information about new types of aircraft they add to their fleet, regardless of whether they are required to notify CASA or not.
You can view the exemption (CASA Exemption 126/15) on the Federal Register of Legislation website.
- Read about changes for Part 141 and Part 142 operators who want to add new types of aircraft to their training fleets
19 May 2015
Gaining and using a recreational pilot licence
In response to feedback from the aviation community CASA is reminding pilots, flight instructors and flight examiners about the regulations covering the recreational pilot licence (RPL). The RPL was introduced on 1 September 2014 and authorises pilots to fly light, single-engine aircraft as the pilot in command.
People who hold a student pilot licence and passed a general flying progress test (GFPT) under the old regulations are taken to hold an RPL and appropriate aircraft category and class ratings. To transition to a Part 61 RPL, pilots need to complete a transition application form Form 61-9TX.
People who hold a pilot certificate issued by RA-Aus can obtain an RPL once they complete an application form (Form 61-1RTX), provide evidence of their pilot certificate and submit a recent photograph and proof of identity.
Please note that pilots cannot exercise the privileges of an RPL (whether they are taken to hold an RPL under the transition rules, or obtain an RPL by conversion from RAAus) until they have completed a flight review for the single-engine aircraft rating on the licence.
These pilots can conduct operations as student pilots in accordance with regulation 61.112 when authorised by an instructor, however they are not permitted to carry passengers until the fight review is completed.
To find out more, read CASA’s information sheet about getting your recreational pilot licence.
2 April 2015
New instruments provide flight training approvals for CAR 217 organisations
CASA has issued two new instruments to ensure CAR 217 organisations are properly authorised to conduct flying training activities during the flight crew licensing regulations transition period.
Instrument number CASA 25/15 provides approval under regulations 141.035 and 142.040 for regulation 217 training and checking organisations to conduct certain Part 141 and Part 142 flight training.
Instrument number CASA 26/15 provides a variation of AOCs to authorise regulation 217 training and checking organisations to conduct certain Part 142 flight training in aircraft.
Transition arrangements for CAR 217 organisations: flying training activities
Under the transitional provisions relating to Part 141 and Part 142 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR), training and checking organisations that are approved under regulation 217 of the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 (CAR) and maintained by an Air Operator’s Certificate (AOC) holder, are currently authorised to conduct former CAR 206(1)(a) aerial work flying training - except for conversion training (see below). This applies even if the flying training activities of the CAR 217 organisation are not specifically listed on the authorisations of the AOC.
Example: If an AOC holder’s training and checking manual includes a syllabus of training for a pilot to qualify for a CAR 5.21 instrument (i.e. a course of training comparable to a CASR Part 61 instructor rating), that syllabus of training is taken to have been CAR 206(1)(a) flying training, and the AOC is taken to have authorised that training prior to 1 September 2014.
The Part 141 transitional provisions entitle the AOC holder to a Part 141 certificate for any CAR 206(1)(a) flying training authorised by the AOC that is equivalent to CASR Part 141 flight training. Under the Part 142 transitional provisions, the existing AOC is taken to authorise CAR 206(1)(a) flying training authorised by the AOC that is equivalent to CASR Part 142 flight training.
Please note that these arrangements do not apply to external CAR 217 organisations that are contracted to an AOC holder.
From 1 September 2017, CAR 217 organisations that want to conduct any Part 141 or Part 142 flight training will need to hold the appropriate Part 141 certificate or Part 142 authorisation.
Transitional arrangements for CAR 217 organisations: conversion training
Conversion training is not covered by the Part 141 and Part 142 transitional provisions. CAR 217 organisations cannot conduct this training unless they are specifically authorised to do so under a Part 141 certificate or Part 142 authorisation. This is because under the CAR 1988, conversion training (now known as training for a type rating) was expressly excluded from the ‘commercial purposes’ defined under CAR 206, and therefore would not have been authorised by an AOC, even if it was conducted by the CAR 217 organisation of an AOC holder.
Example: If the training and checking manual of an AOC holder authorises the provision of ‘conversion training’ for the issue of a BE350/1900 endorsement (equivalent to a CASR Part 61 type rating), the AOC holder will need to obtain a Part 142 authorisation. This is because conversion training was not authorised by the relevant AOC, even though it was approved under CAR 217, and therefore was not covered by the Part 142 transitional provisions (likewise with Part 141 flight training).
No general safety issues have been identified with training for type ratings conducted by CAR 217 organisations since 1 September 2014. In the absence of any specific safety concerns, CASA considers type ratings issued on the basis of such training to be valid.
To ensure training for type ratings during the transition period is properly authorised, CASA has issued the new instruments listed above.
IMPORTANT: CAR 217 organisations must make a formal transition to a Part 141 or 142 authorisation by 1 September 2017.
13 March 2015
Recreational Pilot Licence exams now available on PEXO
In response to requests from industry, CASA has introduced the following exams into PEXO for recreational pilots:
- Recreational Pilot Licence (Aeroplane) - exam code RPLA
- Recreational Pilot Licence (Helicopter) - exam code RPLH
- Recreational Pilot Licence (Navigation) - exam code RPLN.
Flying schools may choose to use either their existing BAK(A) exam or the RPLA exam for aeroplane pilots, or the BAK(H) or RPLH exam for helicopter pilots. A pass in the BAK exam is still considered a valid theory pass - the PEXO exams for RPLA or RPLH are simply alternative options.
Candidates doing the RPL Navigation (RPLN) exam should note that this includes items from PPL Navigation and other areas of aeronautical knowledge, which are required for navigation and for the safe conduct of a flight under visual flight rules.
Each of the RPL exams is available through Assessment Services Proprietary Limited as well as PEXO.
Flying schools and organisations can only be given access to the exams relevant to the type of flying training they conduct. For example, flying training schools that only conduct training for aeroplane pilots will not be given access to helicopter flying exams, and vice versa. The process to request access to the exams depends on whether the flying training organisation is approved to conduct PEXO exams or not.
Already approved to conduct PEXO exams
If your flying school has already been approved to conduct Private Pilot Licence exams, simply email FCL.Exams@casa.gov.au requesting the exams you require. Please include the names of all the registrars and invigilators working at your school so they can also be given access to the Aviation Reference Number and Recreational Pilot Licence exams.
Not yet approved to conduct PEXO exams
If your flying school is not approved to conduct exams, you need to complete CASA Form 1354 - Application for CFI of a flying school to conduct PEXO exams for PPL theory (including PIFR exam). A CASA Flying Operations Inspector will need to complete a physical inspection of your exam facility before this form can be forwarded to CASA.
27 January 2015
Changes to R22 and R44 provisions
Changes have been made to the flight crew licensing requirements for R22 and R44 helicopters, to make it easier for pilots operating these aircraft.
New legislative instruments were registered on 5 January, with the following changes now in effect.
- The R22 and R44 are now covered by the single-engine helicopter class rating and are no longer type-rated helicopters.
- Before flying a type of aircraft for the first time, pilots must complete initial type-specific training and a flight review in that type.
- To continue operating R22 or R44 helicopters, pilots must have completed a single-engine helicopter class rating flight review that was conducted in either an R22 or R44 within the previous 24 months.
- There are no R22 or R44 flight tests, therefore there are no R22 or R44 flight examiner endorsements.
- There are no R22 or R44 type rating training endorsements for instructors.
- Pilots can complete the single-engine helicopter class rating flight test in an R22 or R44.
- Completing a proficiency check or operational rating flight review in an R22 or R44 satisfies the R22/R44 flight review requirement.
12 January 2015
Transition provisions: night vision imaging system authorisations for instructors, examiners and checking pilots
The transitional provisions described in Civil Aviation Safety Regulation (CASR) Part 202 describe the continuation of an ‘old authorisation' (for example, under CAO 82.6). CASR Part 61 applies to that old authorisation as if it were equivalent to a new authorisation (for example, a CASR Part 61 qualification).
The table below illustrates the ‘old' and ‘equivalent new authorisations' for those pilots who were authorised under CAO 82.6 for night vision imaging system operations.
|Old authorisation||Equivalent new authorisation||What you can do||Notes|
|CAO 82.6 - Night Vision Goggles (NVG) flight instructor||Flight Instructor Rating + Night Vision Imaging System Rating Training Endorsement||If you held the old authorisation in column 1 you can now exercise the privileges of a Part 61 instructor rating with an NVIS Rating Training Endorsement||Under CAO 82.6 you could instruct in competencies equivalent to those required for NVIS|
|Flight Examiner Rating + Night Vision Imaging System Rating Flight Test Endorsement (limited to proficiency checks)||If you held the old authorisation in column 1 you can now exercise the privileges of a Part 61 Flight Examiner Rating with an NVIS Flight Test Endorsement with a condition limiting the privilege to conducting NVIS proficiency checks only||Under CAO 82.6 you could conduct capability check flights, which are comparable to Part 61 NVIS Rating proficiency checks|
|CAO 82.6 - NVG Testing Officer||Flight Examiner Rating + Night Vision Imaging System Rating Flight Test Endorsement||If you held the old authorisation in column 1 you can now exercise the privileges of a Part 61 Flight Examiner Rating with an NVIS Flight Test Endorsement||Under CAO 82.6 you could conduct tests for the initial issue qualification|
|CAO 82.6 - NVG Checking Pilot
|Flight Examiner Rating + Night Vision Imaging System Rating Flight Test Endorsement (limited to proficiency checks)||If you held the old authorisation in column 1 you can now exercise the privileges of Part 61 Flight Examiner Rating with an NVIS Flight Test Endorsement with a condition limiting the privilege to conducting NVIS Rating proficiency checks||Under CAO 82.6 you could conduct capability check flights, which are comparable to a Part 61 NVIS Rating proficiency check|
Please note that before you can exercise the privileges of your new authorisation, you should take the following steps.
- Contact CASA's Flight Testing and Training Office (FTTO) to register for the Flight Test Notification System. You will need to provide the FTTO with evidence of your relevant CAO 82.6 approval when you register.
- Complete the Part 61 professional development program (PDP) Bridging Course online through AviationWorx before you conduct a Part 61 test or proficiency check.
- Once you have completed the PDP (bridging course), ensure you are thoroughly familiar with the Part 61 requirements before you conduct any flight test or proficiency check under Part 61.
To receive the equivalent new authorisations formally on your Part 61 licence you can also complete form 61-9TX and submit it to CASA.
9 January 2015
Conducting RPL and PPL flight tests as an Approved Testing Officer
The Part 61 transitional provisions allow Approved Testing Officers who have not yet transitioned to a Flight Examiner rating to continue conducting Private Pilot Licence (PPL) and Recreational Pilot Licence (RPL) flight tests.
Under Civil Aviation Safety Regulation (CASR) 202.263, the Civil Aviation Regulation (CAR) 5.19 delegation to conduct a PPL flight test is continued as if it were the equivalent new authorisation.
The equivalent new authorisation is a Flight Examiner Rating with a PPL flight test endorsement (refer to Regulation 61.1310). The privileges of this endorsement include conducting flight tests for the RPL.
To find out more, read CASA's information sheet about the flight crew licensing transition provisions.
7 January 2015
Two new legislative instruments are now in effect for approved training pilots who conduct flight tests and/or training for low-level ratings, low-level endorsements and mustering endorsements.
CASA 289/14 allows someone who was an approved training pilot for ‘mustering operations' (as previously described in CAO 29.10) to conduct a flight test for low-level ratings, low-level endorsements and aerial mustering endorsements, subject to a few simple conditions such as registering for the CASA Flight Test Notification System.
You can find out how to register by calling CASA on 131 757 and asking for the Flight Testing and Training Office, also known as the FTTO, or sending an email to FTNS@casa.gov.au. You can also call or email the FTTO if you need support with the Flight Test Notification System or AviationWorx.
Tests must be conducted in accordance with CASR Part 61, the CASR Part 61 Manual of Standards and the CASA Flight Examiner Rating Handbook. If you have any questions or require guidance, please contact the FTTO.
Please note: CAO 29.10 has been amended as described in the Civil Aviation Order (Flight Crew Licensing) Repeal and Amendment Instrument 2014 No.1. To view the current CAO 29.10 instrument, the Federal Register of Legislation website may require you to click the ‘unincorporated amendments' icon instead of viewing the instrument immediately presented, until those amendments have been incorporated.
CASA 290/14 allows a person who was an approved training pilot for mustering operations to conduct CASR Part 141 flying training for low-level ratings, low-level endorsements and aerial mustering endorsements, subject to a few simple conditions.
These include complying with at least the relevant syllabus of training as was described in Appendix 1 of CAO 29.10, and maintaining training records for a minimum of seven years.
24 November 2014
People who held a pilot's licence issued before 1 September 2014 will receive a new Part 61 licence when they undertake an activity that triggers a notification to CASA, such as completing a flight review or proficiency check, gaining a rating or endorsement or applying for an additional licence.
As part of this process, pilots need to complete form 61-9TX (Recognition and Transfer of CAR 5 Qualifications under CASR Part 61 and CASR Part 202.261). They also need to have their flight examiner or flight instructor sight and certify copies of any original permissions that are not contained in their CAR Part 5 licence, but which need to be transferred to their new Part 61 licence document. The required forms and certified copies of the pilot's permissions are then sent to CASA.
Under the new flight crew licensing regulations, a person who holds a flight examiner rating issued under Part 61 is not deemed to be a delegate or authorised person. Under normal circumstances, this would mean that flight examiners and flight instructors could not certify documents.
However, to smooth the transition to the new rules and make it easier for pilots to complete the process, CASA has decided to accept documents lodged with a form 61-9TX that have been sighted and certified by a flight examiner or flight instructor at a flying school.
Please note this authority only extends to the certification of documents lodged with a 61-9TX form.
In all other circumstances applicants lodging documentation to CASA that require certification will need to have that done by an ‘acceptable person' (refer to CASA's list of people who can certify proof of identity documents).
Please also note that pilots are not obliged to have the documents associated with their 61-9TX form certified by a flight examiner or flight instructor. They may choose to have this done by another acceptable person if they want to.
23 October 2014
A legislative instrument has been published approving people who held flight instructor testing delegations under Civil Aviation Regulation (CAR) Part 5 or Part 40 of the Civil Aviation Orders (pilot licences and ratings) immediately before 1 September to conduct flight tests for a corresponding Part 61 instructor rating training endorsement(s) mentioned in table 61.1235 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998.
The approval is subject to a number of conditions, including that on the day of the flight test the approved person must meet experience requirements for the relevant endorsement, as well as have clear records in their pilot log book for each relevant operation showing the date, pilot in command and total flight time.
The instrument expires on 30 June 2016.
To find out more, read the full instrument: Approval to conduct flight tests for a training endorsement mentioned in table 61.1235 of CASR 1998 (Instrument number CASA 255/14).
29 August 2014
Legislative instruments published
The legislative instruments outlining the requirements that must be met in order to be eligible to conduct flight tests and issue applicable qualifications under Civil Aviation Safety Regulation (CASR) Part 61 are now available.
The instruments are effective from 1 September until 30 June 2016 and cover:
- approval to conduct flight tests for the issue of a multi-engine aeroplane class rating (instrument number CASA 241/14)
- approval to conduct flight tests for the issue of a type rating – aeroplane (instrument number CASA 242/14)
- approval to conduct flight tests for the issue of a type rating – helicopter (instrument number CASA 243/14).
If you are eligible to hold the privileges covered by these instruments, please ensure you are fully conversant with the requirements for exercising those privileges in accordance with CASR Part 61.
ASICs and AVIDs for student pilots
With the introduction of new flight crew licensing regulations on 1 September 2014, there are some important changes to the way aviation security identity cards (ASICs) and aviation identifications (AVIDs) are administered.
From 1 September, there is no specific requirement for a student pilot to undergo a security check or hold an ASIC/AVID, unless they are operating from or into a designated security airport.
Instead, flying training organisations should:
- outline to students (as part of the student orientation process) the aviation security rules and CASA's ‘fit and proper person' assessment which will be undertaken prior to the issue of the student's first licence
- explain that there are requirements individuals need to meet in order to become a student pilot – these include medical requirements, obtaining an aviation reference number (ARN) and being at least 15 years old to fly solo (for more information refer to CASA's Learning to Fly – Student pilots fact sheet).
If an operational need is identified which requires a student pilot to obtain an ASIC, flying training organisations will need to provide written confirmation to CASA that the applicant is a student pilot and requires frequent access to a designated security airport.
This letter should be submitted along with a completed Application for Aviation Security Identity Card form to CASA's Permission Application Centre.
If you have any questions or need further information, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
8 August 2014
Transition to flight examiner ratings for approved testing officers
Approved Testing Officers (ATO) who currently perform specified functions under an instrument of delegation will eventually need to transition to Part 61 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR) following the commencement of the new rules on 1 September 2014.
This means the functions currently performed by an ATO will be performed in the future pursuant to a personal qualification—a Flight Examiner Rating—on the individual's Part 61 pilot licence.
CASA will undertake the transition of ATOs on 30 June 2016.
ATO instruments that are valid on 31 August 2014 will continue until the ATO is issued with a Flight Examiner Rating on their Part 61 licence. CASA intends to transition those who hold an ATO instrument of delegation to Flight Examiners on 30 June 2016.
The common transition date of 30 June 2016 will minimise the impact on ATOs and coincides with the expiry of an omnibus instrument which covers the largest number of ATOs.
Transitioning all ATOs on the same date provides for the most equitable outcome for the majority of ATOs. Those ATOs whose authorisations expire before this date will have a new ATO omnibus instrument issued prior to 1 September 2014, with an expiry date of 30 June 2016.
If you want to vary your ATO instrument in any way between 1 September 2014 and 30 June 2016, CASA will be required to assess your request under Part 61. A successful assessment will result in the issue of a Flight Examiner Rating and your ATO instrument will cease.
From 1 September 2014, ATOs can voluntarily choose to transition to a Flight Examiner Rating before 30 June 2016.
No further ATO instruments will be issued after 31 August 2014, as the regulations under which those delegations have been issued will be repealed. New applications for ATO authorisations that are currently under assessment will not be finalised prior to 1 September 2014. As permitted under the transitional regulations, there will be no need to resubmit a pending application for an ATO authorisation as an application for a Part 61 rating. If the assessment is successful, the applicant will be issued with a Flight Examiner Rating.
New flight test requirements under CASR Part 61
Part 61 introduces a requirement for a flight test in some situations where, under current regulations, a flight test is not required. Two of these situations involve the conduct of flight tests for the issue of a type rating, and the conduct of flight tests for the issue of a multi-engine class rating.
To enable these flight tests to be carried out immediately after commencement of the new regulations, CASA will issue approvals under CASR 61.040 to appropriately qualified ATOs prior to 1 September 2014. Note that activities performed under these approvals will not be covered by the CASA indemnity that currently extends to ATOs, as delegates.
In relation to other Part 61 qualifications requiring a flight test where there is no current requirement, organisations and individual ATOs or approval holders who consider that the ATO permissions or approvals they currently hold would qualify them to conduct particular flight tests now required by Part 61 should make an application to CASA for appropriate consideration and assessment. Supporting documentation and evidence of qualifications need to be provided with the application.
Applications can be made to Flight Crew Licensing at email@example.com (you will be advised soon about the application form).
If you have any questions about the transition to Flight Examiner Ratings or the new flight test requirements please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Professional indemnity insurance for flight examiner rating holders
Until the bulk transition takes place on 30 June 2016, ATOs will continue to have access to the indemnity arrangements extended under Civil Aviation Advisory Publication (CAAP) Admin-1 to delegates and authorised persons.
A person who holds a Flight Examiner Rating issued under Part 61 will not be a delegate or an authorised person. Several aviation insurers can provide appropriate insurance coverage for flight examiners from 1 September 2014, and we recommend that you make further enquiries and seek advice from your insurer, broker or underwriter appropriate to your personal circumstances.
Although it is prudent and sensible to do so, please note there is no legal obligation on the holder of a Flight Examiner Rating to hold professional indemnity insurance.
CASA understands that, where the testing officer is employed by an operator who is insured with QBE, the aviation component of their risk will be covered under their employer's insurance policy with QBE and a separate professional indemnity policy will be issued by QBE in conjunction with the aircraft and liability insurance. You should confirm such arrangements with your employer and QBE. Similar arrangements may also already exist with other insurers.
In all cases, people should make their own enquiries and obtain independent authoritative advice on any matter regarding professional liability insurance coverage.
If you have any questions about indemnity for Flight Examiner Rating holders please email email@example.com.
27 May 2014
ATO IFR Exemption & Delegation - Instrument Rating Flight Testing
The following instruments have been signed by the Director of Aviation Safety relating to the conduct of flight tests for the issue or renewal of instrument ratings:
- CASA EX23/14 - Exemption - instrument rating flight tests for navigation aid endorsements
- CASA 59/14 - Delegation and direction - conduct of instrument rating flight test in synthetic trainer
- Covering letter from Acting Manager, Flying Standards Branch
8 May 2013
Professional Development Program - Series 4: Transition to CASR Part 61
The below attached letter to Approved Testing Officers (operating outside of CAR217 organisations) provides information on the next series of Professional Development Programs.
This letter has been mailed to all applicable ATOs using mailing address from the Flight Test Notification System.
12 September 2012
Dear Flying School CFI and ATO
Standard Estimates of Fees for Flight Tests
As you are aware the conduct by CASA of flights tests is a regulatory service which is fully cost recoverable, in accordance with the Civil Aviation (Fees) Regulations 1995. Flight tests are charged at the hourly rate of $160.
CASA has developed standard estimates for the regularly conducted flight tests. Following a review of Flight Test Notification System data relating to the actual time taken to conduct flight tests by CASA Flight Training Examiners, along with a cross-comparison of industry ATO's time spent on flight tests, the basis for the standard estimates to conduct flight tests has been updated.
In addition, CASA is required to charge for travel time from the nearest CASA office to the location (aerodrome) the test will be conducted from. The travel cost is also calculated at the hourly rate of $160 and is included in the estimate as a separate item. For example, a test conducted at Bankstown will incur a total of 1 hour of travel time ($160) for the return trip by a CASA examiner from the CASA office to the aerodrome.
The following are the basis on which industry applicants will receive an estimate for flight tests for the issue of licences and ratings and are effective from 1 November 2012. The estimate must be paid prior to CASA conducting the regulatory service:
- GFPT = 3 HOURS = $480
- PPL = 4.5 HOURS = $720
- NVFR = 4.0 HOURS = $640
- CPL = 5.5 HOURS = $880
- FIR INITIAL ISSUE = 5.0 HOURS = $800
- FIR RENEWAL = 4.0 HOURS = $640
- CIR INITIAL ISSUE = 4.5 HOURS = $720
- CIR RENEWAL = 3.5 HOURS = $560
- META = 6.0 HOURS = $960
- IRTA = 5.0 HOURS = $800
The regulatory fee for any other flights tests for the issue of a rating not mentioned above will be calculated at $160 per hour plus any applicable travel time.
As the conduct of a flight test is cost recoverable any variation to the actual time taken to conduct the test will result in an adjustment to the fee charged. For example, where a flight test is cancelled or does not go through to completion, a refund of the unused portion of the fee will be made.
Should you have any queries please contact the Flight Training and Testing Office on 131 757 or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org
26 June 2012
Important Updates to ATOs
Please read the attached letter to Approved Testing Officers regarding upcoming changes to:
- flight test report forms
- flight test notification system
- issuing ATO delegations
- professional development programs and
- your feedback.
This letter has been mailed to all users of the Flight Test Notification System.
16 February 2011
New Version of the Approved Testing Officer Manual (ATOM) published
A new version (version 1.3) of the Approved Testing Officer Manual has been published. This version has the following changes:
- Revised preface
- Editorial corrections to sections 1 and 3
- Full revision of section 19 to now include all CAR 217 Training and Checking ATOs and Approved Persons.