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5 November 2020 – Introduction of Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAF3) and retirement of Trend Type Forecasts (TTFs)
From 5 November 2020 the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) will cease issuing TTFs. These will be replaced with a new terminal aerodrome forecasts which will be updated on a three-hourly basis and are referred to as a TAF3. Information about the TAF3 Implementation can be found on the BoM website.
Candidates should anticipate questions involving TAF3 forecasts to appear in exams, such as RPLN, PPLA, PPLH, CMET etc from the 5 November 2020 onwards.
The FAA have recently amended the text of their Aviation Instructor’s Handbook from the -9A version to the -9B version. The principal reference text for CASA’s PIRC exam is the FAA Aviation Instructor’s Handbook (FAA-H-8083-9B). This version is the basis for many of the questions.
Note: The changes introduced by the -9B version are relatively minor and much of the wording remains as it was in the -9A version.
The ATPL Examination Information books, for both aeroplanes and helicopters have been updated to version 2.6. The changes have primarily been very minor, such as updating web site links and the reading lists. There have been no changes to the exam requirements as a result of the update to the Information books. They are available at:
- ATPL (A) Examination Information Book (pdf 618.34 KB)
- ATPL (H) Examination Information Book (pdf 602.23 KB)
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, CASA have released an exemption EX83/20 (pdf 658.84 KB) which permits candidates completing their CPL or ATPL studies, an additional 6 months to complete the required subject-part exams, i.e. 2 years and 6 months instead of 2 years as required by CASR Part 61.225(2). Candidates must have a valid pass, in one or more subjects, gained between 16/03/2018 and 15/03/2020 to be eligible.
Members of the Australian Defence Forces (ADF) may use the Australian Defence Force Flight Information Publications (FLIP) in lieu of the normal Airservices Australia publications where permitted, see Permitted Material page for more details.
With the introduction of Digital Drivers Licences (DDL) in a number of states and territories, CASA has updated the rules for photographic identification requirements. See Candidate Identification page for details.
From 7 November 2019, the pre-qualification requirements to book IREX have changed. Candidates are now required to have passed the PPL flight test or hold a PPL or higher grade of licence to book this exam. See Pre-qualifications for full details.
Pilots who are changing category from aeroplane to helicopter or vice versa, need to only pass the new category specific exams within one ‘window’. This requirement was previously limited to only those who actually held their Australian CPL or ATPL licence. CASA’s now extend this to those who hold either the Australian CPL or ATPL licence OR the respective CPL or ATPL Theory Examination Credit. See pages CPL Change of category or ATPL Change of category for more details.
CASA has introduced new fatigue management requirements in CAO 48.1 Instrument 2019. Questions based on this Instrument will be introduced into exams, where appropriate, from 2 September 2019. Information, where necessary, will be provided to candidates in each question so they know which appendix to use.
Where the 'Permitted Material' for an exam includes 'CAO 20-95.2', this automatically includes CAO 48.1 Instrument 2019 and any subsequent amendment.
Exam questions are based on the current version of these documents.
CASA has made some minor amendments to the wording of the Fuel Policy CAAP, the new version, CAAP 234-1(2.1) (pdf 1.04 MB) only makes changes to the explanatory text. It does not change the actual fuel requirements. Candidates sitting exams where CAAP 234-1(2) is part of the permitted materials, may use either CAAP 234-1(2) or CAAP 234-1(2.1) in their examination.
CAAP 234-1(2.1) (pdf 1.04 MB) Guidelines for aircraft fuel requirements.
The fuel values used in a number of PEXO exams are currently based on the guidance material CAAP 234-1(1). On 8 November 2018 the Fuel Requirements Instrument takes effect. The guidance material CAAP 234-1(1) will be updated to CAAP 234-1(2) and includes a number of changes. To allow candidates and theory providers to adjust to these changes, the current CAAP 234-1(1) will continue to be used in the exams until 7th November 2018 after which the Fuel Instrument and CAAP 234-1(2) will be used.
Additional information on fuel management may be found at:
For ATPL exams where a separate operator’s fuel policy is in place, e.g. Flight Planning (for both aeroplanes and helicopters) there will be no immediate change in the fuel policy to be used for those exams; it will be based on the provided operator’s fuel policy.
There have been some instances, where candidates have failed a subject five or more times. Repeated failures of the same subject, demonstrates a lack of application by the candidate and/or their theory provider to ensure the candidate has the required aeronautical knowledge for that particular subject.
CASR Part 61.225(4) states:
If on 4 occasions a person attempts, but fails to pass, an aeronautical knowledge examination, or a part of an examination, the person is not permitted to attempt the examination or part again until CASA is satisfied that the person has completed appropriate training.
Candidates who fail the same subject, five or more times, are required to provide CASA (email@example.com) with a detailed report, signed by their theory provider, showing:
- what training they have undertaken since their last exam attempt of that subject
- how their theory provider addressed each of their knowledge deficiencies in that subject.
Without a detailed report of what re-training has been completed, and CASA considers that re-training appropriate, candidates will not be authorised to re-book that particular subject.
CASA's CPL and ATPL exams comprise 'multi-subject part exams', where all subject-parts need to be passed within one 'window'. These include:
- the seven subject-parts for the awarding of a CPL or an ATPL theory credit, for either aeroplane or helicopter category
- the two subject-parts for the awarding of a CP(B)L theory credit
- a bundle of subject-parts when converting from aeroplane to helicopter category, or vice versa and
- a bundle of subject-parts for pilots converting a foreign licence to an Australian licence.
Candidates viewing their exam results may see some exams with the status of Credited. This term is used when a candidate has passed both that particular subject and all of the required subject-parts within one 'window' to achieve a theory credit, e.g. a Full CP(A)L theory credit or a Full ATP(H)L theory credit. This way, you will know that you have completed the required theory exams within one 'window'.
A candidate who has not passed all of the required subject-parts within a 'window', will see the status of the valid passes remain as Passed whilst it is in their 'window'. If due to the passage of time, it moves out of their 'window', it will change status to Expired and can no longer be used towards gaining their theory credit.
Should you believe that the status of an exam is showing incorrectly, e.g. it shows Expired where you believe it should show as Passed or Credited, then please email Flight Crew Licensing Exams including your ARN with the details of the affected examination(s).
Note: RPL, PPL and rating exams (e.g. IREX) are not affected. The status of these results will remain as Passed or Failed, as appropriate.
From 1 September 2016, where a calculator is part of the permitted material for an exam, candidates will be permitted to use their own calculator. The calculator permitted is limited to a 'Basic calculator'. The term 'Basic calculator' for the purposes of these exams, is defined as one which only has:
- the four functions (+, -, x and ÷)
- a square root function ( √ )
- a single memory and
- a percentage key (%) is optional.
It must not be programmable or an 'aviation computer' capable of doing CAS/TAS/MN conversions or solving of aviation type problems; such as determining ground speeds, required heading, wind components or in-flight winds.
Where a candidate is sitting their exam at an Aspeq venue, Aspeq will maintain their stock of calculators, so in the event of a candidate's own calculator failing, the candidate would be able to borrow a calculator in order to complete their examination.
Overseas licence conversion exams
The introduction of CASR Part 61 on 1 September 2014, resulted in a number of changes to the exam requirements for candidates holding a valid foreign pilots licence wishing to convert to an Australian licence. The new exam requirements are:
- PPL(A) and PPL(H) – there are no mandatory theory exam requirements.
- CPL(A) – Candidates desiring an Australian CPL(A) holding a valid foreign CPL(A) or ATPL(A) licence are required to pass both CHUF and COSA subject-parts within one 'window'.
- CPL(H) – Candidates desiring an Australian CPL(H) holding a valid foreign CPL(H) or ATPL(H) licence are required to pass both CHUF and COSH subject-parts within one 'window'.
- ATPL(A) – Candidates desiring an Australian ATPL(A) holding a valid foreign ATPL(A) licence are required to pass AHUF, AOSA and IREX1 subject-parts within one 'window'.
- ATPL(H) – Candidates desiring an Australian ATPL(H) holding a valid foreign ATPL(H) licence are required to pass both AHUF and AOSH subject-parts within one 'window'.
1 A candidate for an Australian ATPL(A) who has previously passed CASA's IREX exam is not required to re-sit this subject.
Where an Australian instrument rating is desired, candidates must also pass the instrument rating examination (IREX). This is an option for all Australian licences [PPL, CPL or ATPL(H)] and may be added at any time, except for an ATPL(A) where it is a mandatory requirement prior to issue.
All Flight Crew Licence and Rating exams
From 1 June 2014, CASA will progressively be introducing some questions into exams which do not provide multiple choice answers. These questions will require only a numerical value(s) (no text or punctuation) to be entered using the keypad; e.g. 123. It is anticipated that these questions will be of a practical type such as, 'The distance from A to B in nm is closest to –' the candidate will then need to determine their answer and enter the value in the space provided. Where appropriate, CASA will set an acceptable range of values for the correct answer. The permissible range would vary with the complexity of the question, but would allow for variations candidates may obtain from using different methods or navigation computers.